Warfarin is a coumarin derivative drug widely used for its anticoagulant properties. The interaction of warfarin with fully hydrated lipid bilayers has been studied by combining differential scanning calorimetry, spectrophotometry, electron spin resonance of chain-labelled lipids and molecular docking. Bilayers formed by lipids with different chemico-physical properties were considered, namely dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC), dimyristoyl-phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG), and dioleoyltrimethyl-ammoniumpropane (DOTAP). We observed in all cases the binding of warfarin in proximity of the surface of the bilayers, leading to a variety of distinct effects on key molecular properties of the membranes. The drug associates with the lipid bilayers in the deprotonated open chain form, with an association constant similar for DMPC and DMPG (1.27·104 and 2.82·104 M−1, respectively) and lower for DOTAP (0.46·104 M−1). In DMPC bilayers, which are zwitterionic and with saturated symmetrical chains, warfarin at 10 mol% suppresses the pre-transition, slightly stabilizes the fluid state and reduces the cooperativity of the main transition. Moreover, it alters the lateral packing density of the chain segments close to the polar/apolar interface at any temperature through the gel phase. In anionic DMPG bilayers, the drug slightly perturbs the thermotropic phase behavior, and at 10 mol% markedly loosens the compact gel phase packing of the first chain segments. In cationic DOTAP bilayers, possessing unsaturated acyl chains, the drug induces a slightly higher degree of order and motional restriction in the outer hydrocarbon region in the frozen state. In all cases, as a surface adsorbed molecule, warfarin does not affect the segmental chain order and dynamics for temperatures in the fluid phase. The overall results provide an outline of the action of warfarin on membranes formed by lipids of different types.
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|Titolo:||Binding of warfarin differently affects the thermal behavior and chain packing of anionic, zwitterionic and cationic lipid membranes|
BARTUCCI, Rosa (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|