Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-grafted lipid dispersions are widely investigated in fundamental and biotechnological research for their successful use in drug-delivery. Here, we consider mixtures of the bilayer-forming lipid dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) with the micelle-forming lipid PEG:2000-phosphatidilethanolamine (PEG:2000-DPPE) fully hydrated in D2O and measured at 77 K. Electron Spin Echo Envelope Modulation and continuous wave Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of chain-labelled lipids are employed to detect the extent of solvent permeation and the environmental polarity, respectively, across the hydrocarbon regions of the lipid assemblies. Sigmoidal water penetration and polarity profiles are described in sterically stabilized liposomes (SSL) formed at submicellar content of PEG:2000-DPPE incorporated in DPPC. Compared to DPPC bilayers, SSL show increased hydrophobicity at both the polar/apolar interface and the chain termini, and a broader transition that is shifted toward the interface. Solvent exposure and polarity decrease on going down the chain in PEG:2000-DPPE micelles. However, compared to SSL, polymer-lipid micelles show higher solvent permeation at any chain segment and the chain termini are accessible to water. In any sample, heterogeneity is found in H-bond formation between the spin-label nitroxide groups and the solvent molecules. The results at cryogenic temperature add new insights into the biophysico-chemical characterization of PEGylated lipid dispersions.

Cryogenically frozen PEGylated liposomes and micelles: Water penetration and polarity profiles

Aloi E.;Bartucci R.
2020

Abstract

Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-grafted lipid dispersions are widely investigated in fundamental and biotechnological research for their successful use in drug-delivery. Here, we consider mixtures of the bilayer-forming lipid dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) with the micelle-forming lipid PEG:2000-phosphatidilethanolamine (PEG:2000-DPPE) fully hydrated in D2O and measured at 77 K. Electron Spin Echo Envelope Modulation and continuous wave Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of chain-labelled lipids are employed to detect the extent of solvent permeation and the environmental polarity, respectively, across the hydrocarbon regions of the lipid assemblies. Sigmoidal water penetration and polarity profiles are described in sterically stabilized liposomes (SSL) formed at submicellar content of PEG:2000-DPPE incorporated in DPPC. Compared to DPPC bilayers, SSL show increased hydrophobicity at both the polar/apolar interface and the chain termini, and a broader transition that is shifted toward the interface. Solvent exposure and polarity decrease on going down the chain in PEG:2000-DPPE micelles. However, compared to SSL, polymer-lipid micelles show higher solvent permeation at any chain segment and the chain termini are accessible to water. In any sample, heterogeneity is found in H-bond formation between the spin-label nitroxide groups and the solvent molecules. The results at cryogenic temperature add new insights into the biophysico-chemical characterization of PEGylated lipid dispersions.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/312389
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact