In this paper we study a Multi-Attribute Inventory Routing Problem (MAIRP). A mathematical formulation and exact solution algorithms are introduced for this problem. More precisely, we extend the Multi-Depot Inventory Routing Problem (MDIRP) in order to consider the multi-product case with a heterogeneous fleet of vehicles and explicit constraints for the route duration. The MAIRP is an NP-hard problem more complex than the classical Inventory Routing Problem. Moreover, it captures many features that can be found in real applications of a vendor-managed inventory strategy. We introduce a hybrid exact algorithm to solve it, in which several Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) models are solved to explore the neighborhoods of a Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) scheme applied to the MAIRP. We design several neighborhoods that are based on the features of the problem. The impact of this hybridization is a faster convergence of the model and an accelerated resolution process with respect to a branch-and-cut algorithm applied to the regular MIP formulation. Extensive computational results on new and existing instances from the literature on two benchmark problems and a real data set confirm the high efficiency of our algorithm.
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