Palladium ultrathin films (around 2 μm) with different surface nanostructures are characterized by TEM, SEM, AFM, and temperature programmed reduction (TPR), and evaluated in terms of H2permeability and H2-N2separation. A change in the characteristics of Pd seeds by controlled oxidation-reduction treatments produces films with the same thickness, but different surface and bulk nanostructure. In particular, the films have finer and more homogeneous Pd grains, which results in lower surface roughness. Although all samples show high permeo- selectivity to H2, the samples with finer grains exhibit enhanced permeance and lower activation energy for H2transport. The analysis of the data suggests that grain boundaries between the Pd grains at the surface favor H2transfer from surface to subsurface. Thus, the surface nanostructure plays a relevant role in enhancing the transport of H2over the Pd ultrathin film, which is an important aspect to develop improved membranes that function at low temperatures and toward new integrated process architectures in H2and syngas production with enhanced sustainability.

Enhanced Hydrogen Transport over Palladium Ultrathin Films through Surface Nanostructure Engineering

Giorgianni G.;
2015

Abstract

Palladium ultrathin films (around 2 μm) with different surface nanostructures are characterized by TEM, SEM, AFM, and temperature programmed reduction (TPR), and evaluated in terms of H2permeability and H2-N2separation. A change in the characteristics of Pd seeds by controlled oxidation-reduction treatments produces films with the same thickness, but different surface and bulk nanostructure. In particular, the films have finer and more homogeneous Pd grains, which results in lower surface roughness. Although all samples show high permeo- selectivity to H2, the samples with finer grains exhibit enhanced permeance and lower activation energy for H2transport. The analysis of the data suggests that grain boundaries between the Pd grains at the surface favor H2transfer from surface to subsurface. Thus, the surface nanostructure plays a relevant role in enhancing the transport of H2over the Pd ultrathin film, which is an important aspect to develop improved membranes that function at low temperatures and toward new integrated process architectures in H2and syngas production with enhanced sustainability.
grain size
hydrogen transport
nanostructure
palladium
ultrathin film
Hydrogen
Nanostructures
Nitrogen
Oxidation-Reduction
Palladium
Permeability
Surface Properties
Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/324982
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