Low-energy buildings are generally equipped with generation systems driven by renewable sources. Regarding heating and DHW production, two choices appear appropriate: PV assisted heat pumps and biomass boilers. In this paper, by means of TRNSYS dynamic simulations, the non-renewable primary energy was determined for two buildings located in different climatic contexts by varying the PV size to consider the actual self-consumed electricity of commercial devices. Results showed that in cold climates biomass boilers are more suggested, especially in unfavourable climatic zones, whereas the COP of air-water heat pumps is strongly penalized by the outdoor temperatures and in many cases the self-consumed PV electricity does not limit the grid intervention adequately. However, in building with limited thermal energy demands and in favorable climates, suitable PV sizes make heat pumps more performant than biomass boilers. The same calculations were conducted with the quasi-steady approach, in accordance with the Italian building energy certification procedure, observing a favorable scenario in a heating plant equipped with a PV assisted heat pump because it assumes the renewable electricity entirely absorbed, while the accounting of the actual self-consumed share produces a greater demand of non-renewable energy.

The choice of appropriate generator systems to enhance the renewable energy share in buildings. A comparison between PV-assisted heat pumps and biomass boilers

Bruno, Roberto
Methodology
;
Bevilacqua, Piero
Validation
;
Perrella, Stefania
Formal Analysis
;
Cirone, Daniela
Formal Analysis
;
Arcuri, Natale
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Low-energy buildings are generally equipped with generation systems driven by renewable sources. Regarding heating and DHW production, two choices appear appropriate: PV assisted heat pumps and biomass boilers. In this paper, by means of TRNSYS dynamic simulations, the non-renewable primary energy was determined for two buildings located in different climatic contexts by varying the PV size to consider the actual self-consumed electricity of commercial devices. Results showed that in cold climates biomass boilers are more suggested, especially in unfavourable climatic zones, whereas the COP of air-water heat pumps is strongly penalized by the outdoor temperatures and in many cases the self-consumed PV electricity does not limit the grid intervention adequately. However, in building with limited thermal energy demands and in favorable climates, suitable PV sizes make heat pumps more performant than biomass boilers. The same calculations were conducted with the quasi-steady approach, in accordance with the Italian building energy certification procedure, observing a favorable scenario in a heating plant equipped with a PV assisted heat pump because it assumes the renewable electricity entirely absorbed, while the accounting of the actual self-consumed share produces a greater demand of non-renewable energy.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/325410
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact