In a hydrogen station that operates with direct fueling through the use of a 700 bar boost compressor, the outlet hydrogen temperature can significantly increase, stressing the chiller system. This paper evaluates improvements that can be made to the auxiliary cooling system integrated with the compressor. Both theoretical modeling and experiments were performed at Cal State LA Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility. The findings suggest that adjusting the auxiliary closed-loop cooling system from 15 °C to 10 °C reduced the station energy consumption and decreased the demand on the station chiller that needed to provide −20 °C hydrogen at the hose. The overall energy consumption for a single fueling reduced by between 2.86 and 9.43% for the set of experiments conducted. After the temperature of the closed-loop cooling system was reduced by 5 °C, the boost compressor outlet temperature dropped from 46-50 °C–40 °C and consequently at the hose the hydrogen temperature declined by 3 °C. Results were scaled up with a forecast on the number of daily refueling events. With a low number of daily fuelings, the proposed set-up showed a minor influence on the overall station energy consumption. However, the benefits were more pronounced for a connector station with sales at 180 kg/day, where the energy efficiency improved by between 1.4 and 5.5%, and even more so for a higher capacity station at 360 kg/day, where the improvement was between 2.9 and 8%.

Improving chiller performance and energy efficiency in hydrogen station operation by tuning the auxiliary cooling

Genovese, Matteo
;
Fragiacomo, Petronilla
2022

Abstract

In a hydrogen station that operates with direct fueling through the use of a 700 bar boost compressor, the outlet hydrogen temperature can significantly increase, stressing the chiller system. This paper evaluates improvements that can be made to the auxiliary cooling system integrated with the compressor. Both theoretical modeling and experiments were performed at Cal State LA Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility. The findings suggest that adjusting the auxiliary closed-loop cooling system from 15 °C to 10 °C reduced the station energy consumption and decreased the demand on the station chiller that needed to provide −20 °C hydrogen at the hose. The overall energy consumption for a single fueling reduced by between 2.86 and 9.43% for the set of experiments conducted. After the temperature of the closed-loop cooling system was reduced by 5 °C, the boost compressor outlet temperature dropped from 46-50 °C–40 °C and consequently at the hose the hydrogen temperature declined by 3 °C. Results were scaled up with a forecast on the number of daily refueling events. With a low number of daily fuelings, the proposed set-up showed a minor influence on the overall station energy consumption. However, the benefits were more pronounced for a connector station with sales at 180 kg/day, where the energy efficiency improved by between 1.4 and 5.5%, and even more so for a higher capacity station at 360 kg/day, where the improvement was between 2.9 and 8%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/326610
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