Recently, millimeter-wave (mmWave) technology has attracted significant attention due to its ambitious promise to deal with the rapid growth in wireless data traffic. Moreover, mmWave is expected to constitute a foundation for the fifth-generation (5G) communication systems’ services, claimed to efficiently and effectively support both unicast and multicast transmission modes. However, the use of highly directional antennas at both user and access point sides is required to compensate for the severe path loss, high attenuation, and atmospheric absorption at extremely high-frequency bands, e.g., mmWave. Hence, multicast transmission needs special attention in directional systems due to the nature of group-oriented services, wherein a single beam simultaneously feeds receivers located at different positions. Since the widest possible beams at 60 GHz band are limited in terms of range and data rate and cannot serve all users, and, inversely, the use of only fine beams steered toward each user in unicast fashion requires long data transmission duration, the design of efficient directional multicast schemes is of utmost importance. Further, a slight beam misalignment due to mobility can generate a significant signal drop even between devices communicating in unicast fashions. The mission of this paper is to discuss the main challenges that must be faced to take advantage of mmWave communication for multicast data delivery. To this end, we investigate the performance of such systems in terms of data rate and data transmission duration via simulations considering both static and dynamic scenarios.

Challenges and Performance Evaluation of Multicast Transmission in 60 GHz mmWave

Araniti G.;Iera A.;Molinaro A.;Pizzi S.
2020

Abstract

Recently, millimeter-wave (mmWave) technology has attracted significant attention due to its ambitious promise to deal with the rapid growth in wireless data traffic. Moreover, mmWave is expected to constitute a foundation for the fifth-generation (5G) communication systems’ services, claimed to efficiently and effectively support both unicast and multicast transmission modes. However, the use of highly directional antennas at both user and access point sides is required to compensate for the severe path loss, high attenuation, and atmospheric absorption at extremely high-frequency bands, e.g., mmWave. Hence, multicast transmission needs special attention in directional systems due to the nature of group-oriented services, wherein a single beam simultaneously feeds receivers located at different positions. Since the widest possible beams at 60 GHz band are limited in terms of range and data rate and cannot serve all users, and, inversely, the use of only fine beams steered toward each user in unicast fashion requires long data transmission duration, the design of efficient directional multicast schemes is of utmost importance. Further, a slight beam misalignment due to mobility can generate a significant signal drop even between devices communicating in unicast fashions. The mission of this paper is to discuss the main challenges that must be faced to take advantage of mmWave communication for multicast data delivery. To this end, we investigate the performance of such systems in terms of data rate and data transmission duration via simulations considering both static and dynamic scenarios.
978-3-030-66241-7
978-3-030-66242-4
5G
802.11ad/ay
mmWave
Multicast
Unicast
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/327809
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