The plasma membrane transporter ASCT2 is a well-known Na+-dependent obligatory antiporter of neutral amino acids. The crucial role of the residue C467 in the recognition and binding of the ASCT2 substrate glutamine, has been highlighted by structure/function relationship studies. The reconstitution in proteoliposomes of the human ASCT2 produced in P. pastoris is here employed to unveil another role of the C467 residue in the transport reaction. Indeed, the site-directed mutant C467A displayed a novel property of the transporter, i.e., the ability of mediating a low but measurable unidirectional transport of [3H]-glutamine. This reaction conforms to the main features of the ASCT2-mediated transport, namely the Na+-dependence, the pH dependence, the stimulation by cholesterol included in the proteoliposome membrane, and the specific inhibition by other common substrates of the reconstituted human ASCT2. Interestingly, the WT protein cannot catalyze the unidirectional transport of [3H]-glutamine, demonstrating an unspecific phenomenon. This difference is in favor of a structural conformational change between a WT and C467A mutant that triggers the appearance of the unidirectional flux; this feature has been investigated by comparing the available 3D structures in two different conformations, and two homology models built on the basis of hEAAT1 and GLTPh.

Cysteine 467 of the ASCT2 Amino Acid Transporter Is a Molecular Determinant of the Antiport Mechanism

Scalise M.;Pappacoda G.;Mazza T.;Console L.;Pochini L.;Indiveri C.
2022

Abstract

The plasma membrane transporter ASCT2 is a well-known Na+-dependent obligatory antiporter of neutral amino acids. The crucial role of the residue C467 in the recognition and binding of the ASCT2 substrate glutamine, has been highlighted by structure/function relationship studies. The reconstitution in proteoliposomes of the human ASCT2 produced in P. pastoris is here employed to unveil another role of the C467 residue in the transport reaction. Indeed, the site-directed mutant C467A displayed a novel property of the transporter, i.e., the ability of mediating a low but measurable unidirectional transport of [3H]-glutamine. This reaction conforms to the main features of the ASCT2-mediated transport, namely the Na+-dependence, the pH dependence, the stimulation by cholesterol included in the proteoliposome membrane, and the specific inhibition by other common substrates of the reconstituted human ASCT2. Interestingly, the WT protein cannot catalyze the unidirectional transport of [3H]-glutamine, demonstrating an unspecific phenomenon. This difference is in favor of a structural conformational change between a WT and C467A mutant that triggers the appearance of the unidirectional flux; this feature has been investigated by comparing the available 3D structures in two different conformations, and two homology models built on the basis of hEAAT1 and GLTPh.
3D structures
Amino acid
Glutamine
Liposome
Over-expression
Site-directed mutant
Transport
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/328929
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