Oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) are strictly involved in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R). Selenoprotein T (SELENOT), a vital thioredoxin-like selenoprotein, is crucial for ER homeostasis and cardiomyocyte differentiation and protection, likely acting as a redox-sensing protein during MI/R. Here, we designed a small peptide (PSELT), encompassing the redox site of SELENOT, and investigated whether its pre-conditioning cardioprotective effect resulted from modulating ERS during I/R. The Langendorff rat heart model was employed for hemodynamic analysis, while mechanistic studies were performed in perfused hearts and H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. PSELT improved the post-ischemic contractile recovery, reducing infarct size and LDH release with and without the ERS inducer tunicamycin (TM). Mechanistically, I/R and TM upregulated SELENOT expression, which was further enhanced by PSELT. PSELT also prevented the expression of the ERS markers CHOP and ATF6, reduced cardiac lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation, and increased SOD and catalase activities. An inert PSELT (I-PSELT) lacking selenocysteine was ineffective. In H9c2 cells, H2 O2 decreased cell viability and SELENOT expression, while PSELT rescued protein levels protecting against cell death. In SELENOT-deficient H9c2 cells, H2 O2 exacerbated cell death, that was partially mitigated by PSELT. Microscopy analysis revealed that a fluorescent form of PSELT was internalized into cardiomyocytes with a perinuclear distribution. Conclusions: The cell-permeable PSELT is able to induce pharmacological preconditioning cardioprotection by mitigating ERS and oxidative stress, and by regulating endogenous SELENOT.

The Antioxidant Selenoprotein T Mimetic, PSELT, Induces Preconditioning-like Myocardial Protection by Relieving Endoplasmic-Reticulum Stress

Carmine Rocca;Anna De Bartolo;Maria Concetta Granieri;Vittoria Rago;Daniela Amelio;Rocco Malivindi;Rosa Mazza;Maria Carmela Cerra;Tommaso Angelone
2022-01-01

Abstract

Oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) are strictly involved in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R). Selenoprotein T (SELENOT), a vital thioredoxin-like selenoprotein, is crucial for ER homeostasis and cardiomyocyte differentiation and protection, likely acting as a redox-sensing protein during MI/R. Here, we designed a small peptide (PSELT), encompassing the redox site of SELENOT, and investigated whether its pre-conditioning cardioprotective effect resulted from modulating ERS during I/R. The Langendorff rat heart model was employed for hemodynamic analysis, while mechanistic studies were performed in perfused hearts and H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. PSELT improved the post-ischemic contractile recovery, reducing infarct size and LDH release with and without the ERS inducer tunicamycin (TM). Mechanistically, I/R and TM upregulated SELENOT expression, which was further enhanced by PSELT. PSELT also prevented the expression of the ERS markers CHOP and ATF6, reduced cardiac lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation, and increased SOD and catalase activities. An inert PSELT (I-PSELT) lacking selenocysteine was ineffective. In H9c2 cells, H2 O2 decreased cell viability and SELENOT expression, while PSELT rescued protein levels protecting against cell death. In SELENOT-deficient H9c2 cells, H2 O2 exacerbated cell death, that was partially mitigated by PSELT. Microscopy analysis revealed that a fluorescent form of PSELT was internalized into cardiomyocytes with a perinuclear distribution. Conclusions: The cell-permeable PSELT is able to induce pharmacological preconditioning cardioprotection by mitigating ERS and oxidative stress, and by regulating endogenous SELENOT.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/330616
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