Hypothesis: Inorganic small particles stemming from mineral extraction (i.e. mining waste) could be used as additive for road paving applications to improve bitumen mechanical properties. Such an approach is expected to increase bitumen life-cycle cutting costs connected to their preparation and to reduce environmental issues. Experiment: Bitumens containing various amounts (up to 10% w/w) of filler made of mining tailings fine powder were characterized by means of oscillatory rheometry focusing on the effect of the filler content, temperature and filler milling time. Findings: (i) Superior resistance to stress, rutting, and fatigue were shown by the filler-containing mixtures. In addition, higher durability was observed for the filler concentration of 10% w/w. These effects were interpreted on the grounds of the physico-chemical interactions between the bitumen and the inorganic filler suggesting important utilizations. (ii) The present research points towards a circular economy path. Particularly, this study demonstrates how an abundant and potentially harmful waste can be converted into a high value-added component for road paving. Furthermore, increased durability of bitumen is beneficial in both economic and environmental terms.

Mining wastes to improve bitumen performances: An example of circular economy

Caputo P.;Porto M.;Oliviero Rossi C.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Hypothesis: Inorganic small particles stemming from mineral extraction (i.e. mining waste) could be used as additive for road paving applications to improve bitumen mechanical properties. Such an approach is expected to increase bitumen life-cycle cutting costs connected to their preparation and to reduce environmental issues. Experiment: Bitumens containing various amounts (up to 10% w/w) of filler made of mining tailings fine powder were characterized by means of oscillatory rheometry focusing on the effect of the filler content, temperature and filler milling time. Findings: (i) Superior resistance to stress, rutting, and fatigue were shown by the filler-containing mixtures. In addition, higher durability was observed for the filler concentration of 10% w/w. These effects were interpreted on the grounds of the physico-chemical interactions between the bitumen and the inorganic filler suggesting important utilizations. (ii) The present research points towards a circular economy path. Particularly, this study demonstrates how an abundant and potentially harmful waste can be converted into a high value-added component for road paving. Furthermore, increased durability of bitumen is beneficial in both economic and environmental terms.
2022
Asphalts
Bitumen additives
Bitumens
Circular economy
Inorganic particles
Mining wastes
Temperature
Hydrocarbons
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/330835
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