The ddc mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana is characterized by pleiotropic phenotypic alterations including a curl-shaped leaf, previously explained by disturbed auxin metabolism and transport. The present study was aimed at further explore the molecular bases underlying the abnormal phenotype of the ddc leaf. We demonstrated that genes specifically related to leaf fate commitment and morphogenesis were misexpressed on developing ddc leaves, such as upregulation of CURLY LEAF (CLF) and downregulation of ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2), KNOTTED-like gene from A. thaliana (KNAT6), TEOSINTE-LIKE1 CYCLOIDEA and PROLIFERATING CELL FACTOR 2 (TCP2) and others. The CLF gene, encoding a component of Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) which adds trimethylation marks at Lys27 of histone H3, was overexpressed in the ddc mutant and concomitantly was correlated with DNA methylation-dependent repression of its negative regulator UCL1. KNAT6, encoding a class 1 KNOX homeotic gene, had increased H3K27me3 trimethylation levels, suggesting it is a target gene of the CLF containing PRC2 complex in the ddc mutant. We postulate that different epigenetic mechanisms modulate expression of genes related to auxin pathways as well as gene targets of Polycomb repressive action, during leaf morphogenesis.

Epigenetic mechanisms affect the curled leaf phenotype in the hypomethylated ddc mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana

Forgione I.;Muto A.;Chiappetta A. A.;Ferrari M.;Bitonti M. B.;Bruno L.
2022

Abstract

The ddc mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana is characterized by pleiotropic phenotypic alterations including a curl-shaped leaf, previously explained by disturbed auxin metabolism and transport. The present study was aimed at further explore the molecular bases underlying the abnormal phenotype of the ddc leaf. We demonstrated that genes specifically related to leaf fate commitment and morphogenesis were misexpressed on developing ddc leaves, such as upregulation of CURLY LEAF (CLF) and downregulation of ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2), KNOTTED-like gene from A. thaliana (KNAT6), TEOSINTE-LIKE1 CYCLOIDEA and PROLIFERATING CELL FACTOR 2 (TCP2) and others. The CLF gene, encoding a component of Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) which adds trimethylation marks at Lys27 of histone H3, was overexpressed in the ddc mutant and concomitantly was correlated with DNA methylation-dependent repression of its negative regulator UCL1. KNAT6, encoding a class 1 KNOX homeotic gene, had increased H3K27me3 trimethylation levels, suggesting it is a target gene of the CLF containing PRC2 complex in the ddc mutant. We postulate that different epigenetic mechanisms modulate expression of genes related to auxin pathways as well as gene targets of Polycomb repressive action, during leaf morphogenesis.
Arabidopsis thaliana
ChIP-qPCR
Curled leaf
ddc mutant
Epigenomics
WGBS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/331368
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