A dual-band reflection-mode wide-bandwidth and wide-angle scanning circular polarizer is designed. The proposed polarizer can convert linearly polarized waves into right- and left-hand circularly polarized (RHCP and LHCP) waves in the two separate nonadjacent receiving and transmitting K/Ka frequency bands. The polarizer is based on dual-layer dipole arrays printed on both sides of a dielectric substrate separated by a second substrate from the ground plane. An analytic model based on transmission line equivalent circuits is developed. Closed-form expressions are derived to demonstrate the operating principle providing a simple design procedure. The proposed model can be used to optimize the converter for a specific propagation angle of the incident wave. Finally, a system-by-design (SbD) strategy is proposed to improve the performance of analytically synthesized devices. Toward this goal, a computationally efficient 'digital twin' of the accurate full-wave model is built to speed up the solution space exploration and efficiently reach the global optimum. A prototype is designed for the incident angle $ heta _{0} = 30^{circ }$ and it is shown that the axial ratio lower than 3 dB is maintained for a wide-angle field of view of $Delta heta = 60^{circ }$ ( ${ heta }_{min}=0^{circ },{ heta }_{max}=60^{circ }$ ) in both frequency bands.

An Equivalent Circuit/System by Design Approach to the Design of Reflection-Type Dual-Band Circular Polarizers

Arnieri E.
;
Greco F.;Boccia L.;Massa A.;Amendola G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

A dual-band reflection-mode wide-bandwidth and wide-angle scanning circular polarizer is designed. The proposed polarizer can convert linearly polarized waves into right- and left-hand circularly polarized (RHCP and LHCP) waves in the two separate nonadjacent receiving and transmitting K/Ka frequency bands. The polarizer is based on dual-layer dipole arrays printed on both sides of a dielectric substrate separated by a second substrate from the ground plane. An analytic model based on transmission line equivalent circuits is developed. Closed-form expressions are derived to demonstrate the operating principle providing a simple design procedure. The proposed model can be used to optimize the converter for a specific propagation angle of the incident wave. Finally, a system-by-design (SbD) strategy is proposed to improve the performance of analytically synthesized devices. Toward this goal, a computationally efficient 'digital twin' of the accurate full-wave model is built to speed up the solution space exploration and efficiently reach the global optimum. A prototype is designed for the incident angle $ heta _{0} = 30^{circ }$ and it is shown that the axial ratio lower than 3 dB is maintained for a wide-angle field of view of $Delta heta = 60^{circ }$ ( ${ heta }_{min}=0^{circ },{ heta }_{max}=60^{circ }$ ) in both frequency bands.
2022
Circular polarization (CP)
dual-frequency
frequency selective surfaces (FSSs)
polarization conversion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/332331
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