Evaluating road safety is an enduring research topic in Infrastructure and Transportation Engineering. The prediction of crash risk is very important for avoiding other crashes and safeguarding road users. According to this task, awareness of the number of vehicles involved in an accident contributes greatly to safety analysis, hence, it is necessary to predict it. In this study, the main aim is to develop a binary model for predicting the number of vehicles involved in an accident using Neural Networks and the Group Method of Data Handling (GMDH). For this purpose, 775 accident cases were accurately recorded and evaluated from the urban and rural areas of Cosenza in southern Italy and some notable parameters were considered as input data including Daylight, Weekday, Type of accident, Location, Speed limit and Average speed; and the number of vehicles involved in an accident was considered as output. In this study, 581 cases were selected randomly from the dataset to train and the rest were used to test the developed binary model. A confusion matrix and a Receiver Operating Characteristic curve were used to investigate the performance of the proposed model. According to the obtained results, the accuracy values of the prediction model were 83.5% and 85.7% for testing and training, respectively. Finally, it can be concluded that the developed binary model can be applied as a reliable tool for predicting the number of vehicles involved in an accident.

Development of a Binary Classification Model to Assess Safety in Transportation Systems Using GMDH-Type Neural Network Algorithm

Giuseppe Guido;Sina Shaffiee Haghshenas;Sami Shaffiee Haghshenas;Alessandro Vitale;Vincenzo Gallelli;Vittorio Astarita
2020

Abstract

Evaluating road safety is an enduring research topic in Infrastructure and Transportation Engineering. The prediction of crash risk is very important for avoiding other crashes and safeguarding road users. According to this task, awareness of the number of vehicles involved in an accident contributes greatly to safety analysis, hence, it is necessary to predict it. In this study, the main aim is to develop a binary model for predicting the number of vehicles involved in an accident using Neural Networks and the Group Method of Data Handling (GMDH). For this purpose, 775 accident cases were accurately recorded and evaluated from the urban and rural areas of Cosenza in southern Italy and some notable parameters were considered as input data including Daylight, Weekday, Type of accident, Location, Speed limit and Average speed; and the number of vehicles involved in an accident was considered as output. In this study, 581 cases were selected randomly from the dataset to train and the rest were used to test the developed binary model. A confusion matrix and a Receiver Operating Characteristic curve were used to investigate the performance of the proposed model. According to the obtained results, the accuracy values of the prediction model were 83.5% and 85.7% for testing and training, respectively. Finally, it can be concluded that the developed binary model can be applied as a reliable tool for predicting the number of vehicles involved in an accident.
road safety; transportation system; neural network; GMDH; binary model
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/332361
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