The 97% of dementia patients develops fluctuant neuropsychiatric symptoms often related to under-diagnosed and unrelieved pain. Up to 80% severe demented nursing home residents experiences chronic pain due to age-related comorbidities. Patients lacking self-report skills risk not to be appropriately treated for pain. Mobilization–Observation–Behavior–Intensity–Dementia (MOBID2) is the sole pain scale to consider the frequent co-occurrence of musculoskeletal and visceral pain and to unravel concealed pain through active guided movements. Accordingly, the Italian real-world setting can benefit from its translation and validation. This clinical study provides a translated, adapted and validated version of the MOBID2, the Italian I-MOBID2. The translation, adaptation and validation of the scale for non-verbal, severe demented patients was conducted according to current guidelines in a cohort of 11 patients over 65 with mini-mental state examination ≤ 12. The I-MOBID2 proves: good face and scale content validity index (0.89); reliable internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.751); good to excellent inter-rater (Intraclass correlation coefficient, and test-retest (ICC = 0.902) reliability. The construct validity is high (Rho = 0.748 p < 0.05 for 11 patients, Spearman rank order correlation of the overall pain intensity score with the maximum item score of I-MOBID2 Part 1; rho=0.895 p < 0.01 for 11 patients, for the overall pain intensity score with the maximum item score of I-MOBID2 Part 2) and a good rate of inter-rater and test-retest agreement was demonstrated by Cohen’s K = 0.744. The average execution time is of 5.8 min, thus making I-MOBID2 a useful tool suitable also for future development in community setting with administration by caregivers.

Pain and agitation treatment in severe dementia patients: the need for Italian Mobilization–Observation–Behaviour–Intensity–Dementia (I-MOBID2) Pain Scale translation, adaptation and validation with psychometric testing

D. Scuteri
Conceptualization
;
G. Bagetta
2022

Abstract

The 97% of dementia patients develops fluctuant neuropsychiatric symptoms often related to under-diagnosed and unrelieved pain. Up to 80% severe demented nursing home residents experiences chronic pain due to age-related comorbidities. Patients lacking self-report skills risk not to be appropriately treated for pain. Mobilization–Observation–Behavior–Intensity–Dementia (MOBID2) is the sole pain scale to consider the frequent co-occurrence of musculoskeletal and visceral pain and to unravel concealed pain through active guided movements. Accordingly, the Italian real-world setting can benefit from its translation and validation. This clinical study provides a translated, adapted and validated version of the MOBID2, the Italian I-MOBID2. The translation, adaptation and validation of the scale for non-verbal, severe demented patients was conducted according to current guidelines in a cohort of 11 patients over 65 with mini-mental state examination ≤ 12. The I-MOBID2 proves: good face and scale content validity index (0.89); reliable internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.751); good to excellent inter-rater (Intraclass correlation coefficient, and test-retest (ICC = 0.902) reliability. The construct validity is high (Rho = 0.748 p < 0.05 for 11 patients, Spearman rank order correlation of the overall pain intensity score with the maximum item score of I-MOBID2 Part 1; rho=0.895 p < 0.01 for 11 patients, for the overall pain intensity score with the maximum item score of I-MOBID2 Part 2) and a good rate of inter-rater and test-retest agreement was demonstrated by Cohen’s K = 0.744. The average execution time is of 5.8 min, thus making I-MOBID2 a useful tool suitable also for future development in community setting with administration by caregivers.
MOBID-2, Italian translation and validation, Psychometric properties, Validity, Reliability, I-MOBID2, Dementia, Pain
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/332386
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