Energy performances of an innovative Temporary Housing Unit (THU), made of natural materials and developed for the Mediterranean area, were determined. Cork panels limit winter transmission losses, whereas bio-PCMs were applied to reduce cooling needs properly. Assuming a split system for air-conditioning purposes, simulations in EnergyPlus allowed for identifying the optimal configuration that minimizes the annual electric demand. Bio-PCM melting temperatures, locations inside the external walls and the PCM quantities were varied. An ideal melting temperature of 23 ◦C was identified, whereas a double PCM layer uniformly distributed in the external walls is recommended, mainly for the limitation of the cooling demands. Negligible differences in electric requirements have been observed between the continuous and the scheduled functioning of the split system. A PV generator installed on the available roof surface allows for covering the electric demands satisfactorily. Experimental tests carried out in a climatic chamber have allowed for determining the dynamic thermal performance of the optimized panel by considering variable external conditions. Results show how the considered PCM in summer is able to delay and attenuate the indoor air temperature peaks considerably, confirming the crucial role of bio-PCM to reduce cooling demands, in line with the simulation results.

A Novel Bio-Architectural Temporary Housing Designed for the Mediterranean Area: Theoretical and Experimental Analysis

Bruno, Roberto;Bevilacqua, Piero;Rollo, Antonino;Arcuri, Natale
2022

Abstract

Energy performances of an innovative Temporary Housing Unit (THU), made of natural materials and developed for the Mediterranean area, were determined. Cork panels limit winter transmission losses, whereas bio-PCMs were applied to reduce cooling needs properly. Assuming a split system for air-conditioning purposes, simulations in EnergyPlus allowed for identifying the optimal configuration that minimizes the annual electric demand. Bio-PCM melting temperatures, locations inside the external walls and the PCM quantities were varied. An ideal melting temperature of 23 ◦C was identified, whereas a double PCM layer uniformly distributed in the external walls is recommended, mainly for the limitation of the cooling demands. Negligible differences in electric requirements have been observed between the continuous and the scheduled functioning of the split system. A PV generator installed on the available roof surface allows for covering the electric demands satisfactorily. Experimental tests carried out in a climatic chamber have allowed for determining the dynamic thermal performance of the optimized panel by considering variable external conditions. Results show how the considered PCM in summer is able to delay and attenuate the indoor air temperature peaks considerably, confirming the crucial role of bio-PCM to reduce cooling demands, in line with the simulation results.
Temporary Housing Units (THUs); natural materials; cork panels; bio-PCM; EnergyPlus simulations; optimized THU configuration; experimental tests
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/332429
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact