Cerebral arteries play a crucial role in the regulation of blood flow to the brain to satisfy the demand of oxygen and glucose for proper function of the organ. Physiological cerebral blood flow (CBF) is maintained within a normal range in response to changes in blood pressure a mechanism named Cerebral Blood Flow Auto Regulation (CBFAR). Structure and function of cerebral arteries have an important impact on CBFAR. Several studies in human and animals have showed significant morphological and functional changes in cerebral vessels of aged brain associated with a reduced CBF which is also impaired in cerebrovascular pathology linked to brain diseases. Interestingly, one new emergent aspect is the lifelong Calorie Restriction (CR) as a potential intervention to prevent age-related cerebral artery changes and preserve the health of aging brain. This review summarizes the recent literature on the effects of aging on cerebral artery structure and function and the potential of CR as opportunities for prevention and treatment.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.