Cholesterol affects the proliferation of breast cancer (BC) and in particular of estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) BC. Cholesterol is converted to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC), which promotes the growth of ER+ BC. Potentially, 27HC can be involved in cholesterol-dependent ER- BC proliferation. Stable MDA-MB-231 silenced clones for CYP7B1 (27HC metabolizing enzyme) show an increased basal proliferation rate, which is not observed in the presence of lipoprotein-deprived serum. Furthermore, the treatment of SKBR3, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 with 27HC increased cell proliferation that was prevented by G15, a selective G Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor (GPER) inhibitor, suggested this receptor to be a potential 27HC target. Binding experiments demonstrate that 27HC is a new ligand for GPER. We show that ERK1/2 and NFκB are part of the 27HC/GPER pathway. The stable silencing of GPER prevents NFκB activation and reduces basal and 27HC-dependent tumor growth. Additionally, conditioned medium from ER- BC cells treated with 27HC promotes tube formation, which does not occur with CM from GPER silenced cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate that cholesterol conversion into 27HC promotes ER- BC growth and progression, and the expression of GPER is required for its effects.

27-Hydroxycholesterol Binds GPER and Induces Progression of Estrogen Receptor-Negative Breast Cancer

Paola Avena
Data Curation
;
Ivan Casaburi
Conceptualization
;
Lucia Zavaglia
Data Curation
;
Davide La Padula
Data Curation
;
Vittoria Rago
Data Curation
;
Rosa Sirianni
Conceptualization
;
2022

Abstract

Cholesterol affects the proliferation of breast cancer (BC) and in particular of estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) BC. Cholesterol is converted to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC), which promotes the growth of ER+ BC. Potentially, 27HC can be involved in cholesterol-dependent ER- BC proliferation. Stable MDA-MB-231 silenced clones for CYP7B1 (27HC metabolizing enzyme) show an increased basal proliferation rate, which is not observed in the presence of lipoprotein-deprived serum. Furthermore, the treatment of SKBR3, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 with 27HC increased cell proliferation that was prevented by G15, a selective G Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor (GPER) inhibitor, suggested this receptor to be a potential 27HC target. Binding experiments demonstrate that 27HC is a new ligand for GPER. We show that ERK1/2 and NFκB are part of the 27HC/GPER pathway. The stable silencing of GPER prevents NFκB activation and reduces basal and 27HC-dependent tumor growth. Additionally, conditioned medium from ER- BC cells treated with 27HC promotes tube formation, which does not occur with CM from GPER silenced cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate that cholesterol conversion into 27HC promotes ER- BC growth and progression, and the expression of GPER is required for its effects.
27-hydroxycholesterol; GPER; angiogenesis; breast cancer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/334981
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