The action of myo-inositol (MI), belonging to the inositol family, has been shown to improve sperm quality. To further elucidate the efficacy of this substance in male fertility, we investigated in vivo the effects of a nutraceuticals mix, containing mainly myo-inositol (MI) and in vitro the action of the MI on human male gamete performance. Sperm samples were evaluated from 51 men: 21 healthy normozoospermic and 30 oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT). In the latter group, 15 patients were orally treated with the nutraceutical mix and in the remaining 15 patients only MI was used directly on their ejaculated sperm. Comparing the pathologic samples with respect to normal samples we observed that motility, viability, Bcl-2 phosphorylation, and cholesterol efflux increased after in vitro and in vivo treatments. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity as well as triglycerides level and lipase activity highlighted an enhancement of energy expenditure upon the treatment. Uncapacitated sperm is characterized by an anabolic metabolism, to generate an energy reservoir which will be spent during the capacitation, an energy-consuming process needed to acquire the competence for the fertilization. Intriguingly, our finding highlights that the treatment with these substances facilitated the switch from uncapacitated to capacitated sperm, promoting the acquisition of the male gamete fertilizing capacity. Our data suggested that these substances act both directly on sperm and on spermatogenesis, improving the performance of OAT sperm invitro and invivo. The positive effects of these treatments could be of great help for men and couples who have difficulty to conceive achild in anatural way and/or during medical-assisted reproduction.Abbreviations: 30 OAT-untreated patients; B: 15 OAT patients treated in vivo; Bovine serum albumin (BSA); C: 15 OAT patients treated in vitro; cholesterol oxidase-peroxidase (CHOD-POD); H: Normozoospermic samples; HM: sperm from normospermic patients treated in vitro with MI; MI: Myoinositol: IM: Immobile motility; NP: Non-progressive motility; OAT: Oligoasthenoteratozoospermic; PPP: Pentose Phosphate Pathway; PR: Progressive motility; WHO: World Health Organization.

Sperm performance in oligoasthenoteratozoospermic patients is induced by a nutraceuticals mix, containing mainly myo-inositol

Santoro, Marta
;
Aquila, Saveria;
2021

Abstract

The action of myo-inositol (MI), belonging to the inositol family, has been shown to improve sperm quality. To further elucidate the efficacy of this substance in male fertility, we investigated in vivo the effects of a nutraceuticals mix, containing mainly myo-inositol (MI) and in vitro the action of the MI on human male gamete performance. Sperm samples were evaluated from 51 men: 21 healthy normozoospermic and 30 oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT). In the latter group, 15 patients were orally treated with the nutraceutical mix and in the remaining 15 patients only MI was used directly on their ejaculated sperm. Comparing the pathologic samples with respect to normal samples we observed that motility, viability, Bcl-2 phosphorylation, and cholesterol efflux increased after in vitro and in vivo treatments. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity as well as triglycerides level and lipase activity highlighted an enhancement of energy expenditure upon the treatment. Uncapacitated sperm is characterized by an anabolic metabolism, to generate an energy reservoir which will be spent during the capacitation, an energy-consuming process needed to acquire the competence for the fertilization. Intriguingly, our finding highlights that the treatment with these substances facilitated the switch from uncapacitated to capacitated sperm, promoting the acquisition of the male gamete fertilizing capacity. Our data suggested that these substances act both directly on sperm and on spermatogenesis, improving the performance of OAT sperm invitro and invivo. The positive effects of these treatments could be of great help for men and couples who have difficulty to conceive achild in anatural way and/or during medical-assisted reproduction.Abbreviations: 30 OAT-untreated patients; B: 15 OAT patients treated in vivo; Bovine serum albumin (BSA); C: 15 OAT patients treated in vitro; cholesterol oxidase-peroxidase (CHOD-POD); H: Normozoospermic samples; HM: sperm from normospermic patients treated in vitro with MI; MI: Myoinositol: IM: Immobile motility; NP: Non-progressive motility; OAT: Oligoasthenoteratozoospermic; PPP: Pentose Phosphate Pathway; PR: Progressive motility; WHO: World Health Organization.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/335166
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact