To evaluate the expression, location and role of progesterone receptors (PRs) A and B in human chondrocytic cell lines, Western blotting, real time PCR analyses, transmission electron microscopy and immunogold assays were performed. By transfection and co-transfection assays, the influence of progesterone (OHPg) on estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) promoter activity was investigated. MTT and pAKT documented OHPg effects on chondrocytes survival. The PR-B and PR-A were both observed in human chondrocytes. The PR-B was evidenced both in the nucleus and in the cytosol of the cells. OHPg, through PR-B, induced ERα expression by acting at the ER promoter level affecting chondrocytes survival. We reported for the first time the expression of PRs in human chondrocytes. Interestingly, we described a novel mechanism via progesterone induction of ERα, which may explain, at least in part, the dramatic rise in OA prevalence among postmenopausal women.

Conventional progesterone receptors (PR) B and PRA are expressed by human chondrocytes and can be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis

Aquila, S
;
De Amicis, F;Panza, S;De Rose, D;
2020

Abstract

To evaluate the expression, location and role of progesterone receptors (PRs) A and B in human chondrocytic cell lines, Western blotting, real time PCR analyses, transmission electron microscopy and immunogold assays were performed. By transfection and co-transfection assays, the influence of progesterone (OHPg) on estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) promoter activity was investigated. MTT and pAKT documented OHPg effects on chondrocytes survival. The PR-B and PR-A were both observed in human chondrocytes. The PR-B was evidenced both in the nucleus and in the cytosol of the cells. OHPg, through PR-B, induced ERα expression by acting at the ER promoter level affecting chondrocytes survival. We reported for the first time the expression of PRs in human chondrocytes. Interestingly, we described a novel mechanism via progesterone induction of ERα, which may explain, at least in part, the dramatic rise in OA prevalence among postmenopausal women.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/335187
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact