We extend the index-aware model-order reduction method to systems of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations with a special nonlinear term 𝐟(𝐄𝐱), f ( E x ) , where 𝐄 E is a singular matrix. Such nonlinear differential-algebraic equations arise, for example, in the spatial discretization of the gas flow in pipeline networks. In practice, mathematical models of real-life processes pose challenges when used in numerical simulations, due to complexity and system size. Model-order reduction aims to eliminate this problem by generating reduced-order models that have lower computational cost to simulate, yet accurately represent the original large-scale system behavior. However, direct reduction and simulation of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations is difficult due to hidden constraints which affect the choice of numerical integration methods and model-order reduction techniques. We propose an extension of index-aware model-order reduction methods to a special class of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations without any kind of linearization. The proposed model-order reduction approach involves automatic decoupling of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations into nonlinear ordinary differential equations and algebraic equations, based on the decoupling of the linear differential equations obtained by ignoring the nonlinear term, thanks to an additional structural condition. This allows applying standard model-order reduction techniques to both parts without worrying about the index. The same procedure can also be used to simulate nonlinear differential-algebraic equations by standard integration schemes.

Index-Aware Model-Order Reduction for a Special Class of Nonlinear Differential-Algebraic Equations

Ali' G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

We extend the index-aware model-order reduction method to systems of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations with a special nonlinear term 𝐟(𝐄𝐱), f ( E x ) , where 𝐄 E is a singular matrix. Such nonlinear differential-algebraic equations arise, for example, in the spatial discretization of the gas flow in pipeline networks. In practice, mathematical models of real-life processes pose challenges when used in numerical simulations, due to complexity and system size. Model-order reduction aims to eliminate this problem by generating reduced-order models that have lower computational cost to simulate, yet accurately represent the original large-scale system behavior. However, direct reduction and simulation of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations is difficult due to hidden constraints which affect the choice of numerical integration methods and model-order reduction techniques. We propose an extension of index-aware model-order reduction methods to a special class of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations without any kind of linearization. The proposed model-order reduction approach involves automatic decoupling of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations into nonlinear ordinary differential equations and algebraic equations, based on the decoupling of the linear differential equations obtained by ignoring the nonlinear term, thanks to an additional structural condition. This allows applying standard model-order reduction techniques to both parts without worrying about the index. The same procedure can also be used to simulate nonlinear differential-algebraic equations by standard integration schemes.
Nonlinear differential-algebriac equations, Gas transportation networks, Tractability index
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/335384
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