The concept of employing air volumes trapped inside polymer shells to make a lens for ultrasound focusing in water is investigated. The proposed lenses use evenly-spaced concentric rings, each having an air-filled polymer shell construction, defining concentric water-filled channels. Numerical simulations and experiments have shown that a plane wave can be focused, and that the amplification can be boosted by Fabry-Pérot resonances within the water channels with an appropriate choice of the lens thickness. The effect of the polymer shell thickness and the depth of the channels is discussed, as these factors can affect the geometry and hence the frequency of operation. The result was a lens with a Full Width at Half Maximum value of 0.65 of a wavelength at the focus. Results obtained on a metal-based counterpart are also shown for comparison. An advantage of this polymeric design is that it is easily constructed via additive manufacturing. This study shows that trapped-air lenses made of polymer are suitable for ultrasound focusing in water near 500 kHz.
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