The demand for natural products is steadily increasing, and pharmacotechnological engineering is needed to allow rigorous investigation of their efficacy and safety in clinical conditions representing still unmet needs. Among aged patients affected by dementia, up to 80% of residents in nursing homes suffer from chronic pain and 97% from fluctuant neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), of which the most challenging is agitation. It is, at least in part, due to undertreated pain and treated with antipsychotics almost doubling the risk of death. In the frame of a scoping review assessing the existence of essential oils undergoing engineering pharmacotechnological processes using solid lipid nanoparticle delivery systems for clinical translation in pain and/or neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR), here we identified that the sole essential oil engineered to overcome the criticisms of aromatherapy clinical trials in pain and dementia is the essential oil of bergamot (BEO). Therefore, we present the process leading to the actually ongoing randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled NCT04321889 clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of intervention with bergamot in the management of agitation and pain in severe dementia to be followed also for the proof of concept of efficacy and safety of other essential oils.

Pharmacotechnological Advances for Clinical Translation of Essential Oils for the Treatment of Pain and Agitation in Severe Dementia

Scuteri D.
;
Bagetta G.
;
Corasaniti M. T.
2022

Abstract

The demand for natural products is steadily increasing, and pharmacotechnological engineering is needed to allow rigorous investigation of their efficacy and safety in clinical conditions representing still unmet needs. Among aged patients affected by dementia, up to 80% of residents in nursing homes suffer from chronic pain and 97% from fluctuant neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), of which the most challenging is agitation. It is, at least in part, due to undertreated pain and treated with antipsychotics almost doubling the risk of death. In the frame of a scoping review assessing the existence of essential oils undergoing engineering pharmacotechnological processes using solid lipid nanoparticle delivery systems for clinical translation in pain and/or neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR), here we identified that the sole essential oil engineered to overcome the criticisms of aromatherapy clinical trials in pain and dementia is the essential oil of bergamot (BEO). Therefore, we present the process leading to the actually ongoing randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled NCT04321889 clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of intervention with bergamot in the management of agitation and pain in severe dementia to be followed also for the proof of concept of efficacy and safety of other essential oils.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/337151
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