Background: Chronic low-level inflammation is thought to play a role in many age-related diseases and to contribute to multimorbidity and to the disability related to this condition. In this framework, inflamma-miRs, an important subset of miRNA able to regulate inflammation molecules, appear to be key players. This study aimed to evaluate plasma levels of the inflamma-miR-181a in relation to age, parameters of health status (clinical, physical, and cognitive) and indices of multimorbidity in a cohort of 244 subjects aged 65- 97. Methods: MiR-181a was isolated from plasma according to standardized procedures and its expression levels measured by qPCR. Correlation tests and multivariate regression analyses were applied on gender-stratified groups. Results: MiR-181a levels resulted increased in old men, and significantly correlated with worsened blood parameters of inflammation (such as low levels of albumin and bilirubin and high lymphocyte content), particularly in females. Furthermore, we found miR-181a positively correlated with the overall multimorbidity burden, measured by CIRS Comorbidity Score, in both genders. Conclusions: These data support a role of miR-181a in age-related chronic inflammation and in the development of multimorbidity in older adults and indicate that the routes by which this miRNA influence health status are likely to be gender specific. Based on our results, we suggest that miR-181a is a promising biomarker of health status of the older population.

Circulating miR-181a as a novel potential plasma biomarker for multimorbidity burden in the older population

Paolina Crocco
Formal Analysis
;
Serena Dato
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Giuseppe Passarino
Funding Acquisition
;
Giuseppina Rose
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2022

Abstract

Background: Chronic low-level inflammation is thought to play a role in many age-related diseases and to contribute to multimorbidity and to the disability related to this condition. In this framework, inflamma-miRs, an important subset of miRNA able to regulate inflammation molecules, appear to be key players. This study aimed to evaluate plasma levels of the inflamma-miR-181a in relation to age, parameters of health status (clinical, physical, and cognitive) and indices of multimorbidity in a cohort of 244 subjects aged 65- 97. Methods: MiR-181a was isolated from plasma according to standardized procedures and its expression levels measured by qPCR. Correlation tests and multivariate regression analyses were applied on gender-stratified groups. Results: MiR-181a levels resulted increased in old men, and significantly correlated with worsened blood parameters of inflammation (such as low levels of albumin and bilirubin and high lymphocyte content), particularly in females. Furthermore, we found miR-181a positively correlated with the overall multimorbidity burden, measured by CIRS Comorbidity Score, in both genders. Conclusions: These data support a role of miR-181a in age-related chronic inflammation and in the development of multimorbidity in older adults and indicate that the routes by which this miRNA influence health status are likely to be gender specific. Based on our results, we suggest that miR-181a is a promising biomarker of health status of the older population.
Aging; Inflamma-miRs; Inflammation; Multimorbidity; miR-181a; miRNA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/337983
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