An in-depth computational study of the ability of a recently proposed multi-action Ru(II)-Pt(IV) conjugate to act as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and chemotherapeutic drugs is presented here. The investigated complex is characterized by a polypyridyl Ru(II) chromophore linked to a Pt(IV) complex that, acting as a prodrug, should be activated by reduction releasing the Ru-based chromophore that can absorb light of proper wavelength to be used in PDT. The reaction mechanism for active species formation has been fully elucidated by means of density functional theory and its time-dependent extension. The reduction mechanism, assisted by ascorbate, of the Pt(IV) prodrug to the Pt(II) active species has been explored, taking into consideration all the possible modes of attack of the reductant for releasing the axial ligands and affording active cisplatin. Given the similarity in the photophysical properties of the chromophore linked or not to the Pt(IV) complex, both the Ru(II)-Pt(IV) conjugate precursor and the Ru(II) chromophore should be able to act as PDT photosensitizers according to type I and type II photoprocesses. In particular, they are able to generate singlet oxygen cytotoxic species as well as auto-ionize to form highly reactive O2-• species.

Computational Exploration of the Synergistic Anticancer Effect of a Multi-Action Ru(II)-Pt(IV) Conjugate

Scoditti S.;Mazzone G.
;
Sanna N.;Sicilia E.
2022

Abstract

An in-depth computational study of the ability of a recently proposed multi-action Ru(II)-Pt(IV) conjugate to act as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and chemotherapeutic drugs is presented here. The investigated complex is characterized by a polypyridyl Ru(II) chromophore linked to a Pt(IV) complex that, acting as a prodrug, should be activated by reduction releasing the Ru-based chromophore that can absorb light of proper wavelength to be used in PDT. The reaction mechanism for active species formation has been fully elucidated by means of density functional theory and its time-dependent extension. The reduction mechanism, assisted by ascorbate, of the Pt(IV) prodrug to the Pt(II) active species has been explored, taking into consideration all the possible modes of attack of the reductant for releasing the axial ligands and affording active cisplatin. Given the similarity in the photophysical properties of the chromophore linked or not to the Pt(IV) complex, both the Ru(II)-Pt(IV) conjugate precursor and the Ru(II) chromophore should be able to act as PDT photosensitizers according to type I and type II photoprocesses. In particular, they are able to generate singlet oxygen cytotoxic species as well as auto-ionize to form highly reactive O2-• species.
Photosensitizing Agents
Singlet Oxygen
Antineoplastic Agents
Photochemotherapy
Prodrugs
Ruthenium
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/338325
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