The electronic and chemical structure of carbon nanotubes synthesized by decomposition of acetylene over Fe-Co bimetallic catalysts in different growth conditions, were analyzed by valence band photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. A clear relationship between the bonding features and the growth condition allowed us to determine the key parameters in terms of temperature, growth time and catalyst content. Furthermore, the analysis allowed a determination of the byproducts. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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