Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs, derived from natural-source molecules) were used for the first time in the preparation of porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and poly (acrylonitrile) (PAN) membranes. Halogen-free Brønsted acidic DES and zwitterionic carboxy- and sulfo-betaines DESs and NADESs were selected for their potentiality to solubilize the chosen polymers. Solubility prediction was assessed through the analyses of the solvents’ thermodynamic factors and the calculation of the relative solubilities in terms of relative energy difference and Hansen and Hildebrand parameters. Porous membranes were, thus, prepared via phase separation technique adding to the dope solutions different non-toxic co-solvents (Rhodiasolv® PolarClean, triethyl phosphate and dimethysulfoxide) with the aim of reducing solution viscosity. The effect of different coagulation bath compositions, such as water and water/isopropanol, was investigated in order to control and tailor the morphology and architecture of the produced membranes. The pore dimensions and distribution, porosity, contact angle and water permeability tests were carried out in order to characterize the produced membranes. The results of the study showed the potentiality of DESs and NADESs to be employed as solvents for the preparation of more sustainable polymeric membranes for water treatment applications

Launching deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs), in combination with different harmless co-solvents, for the preparation of more sustainable membranes

Francesco Galiano
;
Raffaella Mancuso
;
Bartolo Gabriele;Alberto Figoli
2022

Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs, derived from natural-source molecules) were used for the first time in the preparation of porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and poly (acrylonitrile) (PAN) membranes. Halogen-free Brønsted acidic DES and zwitterionic carboxy- and sulfo-betaines DESs and NADESs were selected for their potentiality to solubilize the chosen polymers. Solubility prediction was assessed through the analyses of the solvents’ thermodynamic factors and the calculation of the relative solubilities in terms of relative energy difference and Hansen and Hildebrand parameters. Porous membranes were, thus, prepared via phase separation technique adding to the dope solutions different non-toxic co-solvents (Rhodiasolv® PolarClean, triethyl phosphate and dimethysulfoxide) with the aim of reducing solution viscosity. The effect of different coagulation bath compositions, such as water and water/isopropanol, was investigated in order to control and tailor the morphology and architecture of the produced membranes. The pore dimensions and distribution, porosity, contact angle and water permeability tests were carried out in order to characterize the produced membranes. The results of the study showed the potentiality of DESs and NADESs to be employed as solvents for the preparation of more sustainable polymeric membranes for water treatment applications
Sustainable membrane preparation. Deep eutectic solvents (DESs). Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES). PVDF and PAN membranes. NIPS technique
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/339286
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