The human male infertility has several causes interconnected to improper lifestyles such as smoking, sedentarism, environmental factors, toxins accumulation and energy imbalances. All these factors contribute to the obesity accompanied metabolic syndrome and hormonal alterations in the leptin-ghrelin axis. The leptin (Lep) has many pleiotropic effects in several biological systems, directly on the peripheral tissues or through the central nervous system (CNS). Many studies suggest that Lep is a key player in gonadal functions beside its documented role in reproductive regulation, however, further investigations are still necessary to elucidate all the molecular pathways involved in these mechanisms. Keeping into account that increased Lep levels in obese men are positively correlated with altered sperm parameters and testicular oxidative stress, evidences refer to Lep as a potential link between obesity and male infertility. This review represents an updated version on the concept of the Lep roles in mediating the male reproductive functions in obese patients.
LA Padula, Davide;Zavaglia, Lucia;Hamad, Tarig;Nocito, Marta C;Aquila, Saveria;Avena, Paola;Rago, Vittoria
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