Background: The question of which parameters may be informative on venetoclax outcome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is still unclear. Furthermore, the choice to treat with venetoclax can be challenging in patients with baseline characteristics or comorbidities that may potentially favor some specific adverse events.Objectives: This study was aimed to evaluate whether age, fitness status, patients'/disease characteristics, or concomitant medications may predict outcomes in CLL patients receiving venetoclax.Design: Retrospective observational study.Methods: Impact of age, presence of Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) >6 or severe organ impairment (CIRS3+), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-Performance Status (ECOG-PS), renal function, and concomitant medications were retrospectively analyzed on treatment management (definitive discontinuation due to toxicity, discontinuation due to toxicity, Tox-DTD; permanent dose reduction, PDR) and survival [progression free survival (PFS), event free survival (EFS), overall survival (OS)] in unselected patients receiving venetoclax monotherapy in common practice.Results: A total of 221 relapsed/refractory patients were included. Tox-DTD and PDR were reported in 5.9% and 21.7%, respectively, and were not influenced by any fitness parameter, age, number or type of concomitant medication, baseline neutropenia, or impaired renal function. None of these factors were associated with tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) development. Age and coexisting conditions had no influence on PFS and EFS. At univariate analysis, OS was significantly shorter only in patients with ECOG-PS >1 (p < 0.0001) and elderly (>= 65years) with CIRS >6 (p=0.014) or CIRS3+ (p=0.031). ECOG-PS >1 retained an independent role only for EFS and OS. While Tox-DTD affected all survival outcomes, no differences in PFS were reported among patients permanently reducing dose or interrupting venetoclax for >7days.Conclusion: Clinical outcome with venetoclax is not influenced by comorbidities, patients' clinical characteristics, or concomitant medications. Differently from other targeted therapies, this demonstrates that, except ECOG-PS, none of the parameters generally considered for treatment choice, including baseline neutropenia or impaired renal function, should rule the decision process with this agent. Anyway, if clinically needed, a correct drug management does not compromise treatment efficacy and may avoid toxicity-driven discontinuations.

Coexisting conditions and concomitant medications do not affect venetoclax management and survival in chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Gentile, Massimo;Tedeschi, Alessandra
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: The question of which parameters may be informative on venetoclax outcome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is still unclear. Furthermore, the choice to treat with venetoclax can be challenging in patients with baseline characteristics or comorbidities that may potentially favor some specific adverse events.Objectives: This study was aimed to evaluate whether age, fitness status, patients'/disease characteristics, or concomitant medications may predict outcomes in CLL patients receiving venetoclax.Design: Retrospective observational study.Methods: Impact of age, presence of Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) >6 or severe organ impairment (CIRS3+), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-Performance Status (ECOG-PS), renal function, and concomitant medications were retrospectively analyzed on treatment management (definitive discontinuation due to toxicity, discontinuation due to toxicity, Tox-DTD; permanent dose reduction, PDR) and survival [progression free survival (PFS), event free survival (EFS), overall survival (OS)] in unselected patients receiving venetoclax monotherapy in common practice.Results: A total of 221 relapsed/refractory patients were included. Tox-DTD and PDR were reported in 5.9% and 21.7%, respectively, and were not influenced by any fitness parameter, age, number or type of concomitant medication, baseline neutropenia, or impaired renal function. None of these factors were associated with tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) development. Age and coexisting conditions had no influence on PFS and EFS. At univariate analysis, OS was significantly shorter only in patients with ECOG-PS >1 (p < 0.0001) and elderly (>= 65years) with CIRS >6 (p=0.014) or CIRS3+ (p=0.031). ECOG-PS >1 retained an independent role only for EFS and OS. While Tox-DTD affected all survival outcomes, no differences in PFS were reported among patients permanently reducing dose or interrupting venetoclax for >7days.Conclusion: Clinical outcome with venetoclax is not influenced by comorbidities, patients' clinical characteristics, or concomitant medications. Differently from other targeted therapies, this demonstrates that, except ECOG-PS, none of the parameters generally considered for treatment choice, including baseline neutropenia or impaired renal function, should rule the decision process with this agent. Anyway, if clinically needed, a correct drug management does not compromise treatment efficacy and may avoid toxicity-driven discontinuations.
CIRS
CLL
ECOG
comorbidities
discontinuations
fitness
reduction
targeted therapies
venetoclax
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/342530
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