: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells express the interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) chain, but the expression of the complementary IL-12Rβ1 chain requires cell stimulation via surface CD40 molecules (and not via the B-cell receptor [BCR]). This stimulation induces the expression of a heterodimeric functional IL-23R complex and the secretion of IL-23, initiating an autocrine loop that drives leukemic cell expansion. Based on the observation in 224 untreated Binet stage A patients that the cases with the lowest miR-146b-5p concentrations had the shortest time to first treatment (TTFT), we hypothesized that miR-146b-5p could negatively regulate IL-12Rβ1 side chain expression and clonal expansion. Indeed, miR-146b-5p significantly bound to the 3'-UTR region of the IL-12Rβ1 mRNA in an in vitro luciferase assay. Downregulation of miR-146b-5p with specific miRNA inhibitors in vitro led to the upregulation of the IL-12Rβ1 side chain and expression of a functional IL-23R complex similar to that observed after stimulation of the CLL cell through the surface CD40 molecules. Expression of miR-146b-5p with miRNA mimics in vitro inhibited the expression of the IL-23R complex after stimulation with CD40L. Administration of a miR-146b-5p mimic to NSG mice, successfully engrafted with CLL cells, caused tumor shrinkage, with a reduction of leukemic nodules and of IL-12Rβ1-positive CLL cells in the spleen. Our findings indicate that IL-12Rβ1 expression, a crucial checkpoint for the functioning of the IL-23 and IL-23R complex loop, is under the control of miR-146b-5p, which may represent a potential target for therapy since it contributes to the CLL pathogenesis. This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00917540.

MiR-146b-5p regulates IL-23 receptor complex expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells

Grazia Recchia, Anna;Gentile, Massimo;Morabito, Fortunato;
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells express the interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) chain, but the expression of the complementary IL-12Rβ1 chain requires cell stimulation via surface CD40 molecules (and not via the B-cell receptor [BCR]). This stimulation induces the expression of a heterodimeric functional IL-23R complex and the secretion of IL-23, initiating an autocrine loop that drives leukemic cell expansion. Based on the observation in 224 untreated Binet stage A patients that the cases with the lowest miR-146b-5p concentrations had the shortest time to first treatment (TTFT), we hypothesized that miR-146b-5p could negatively regulate IL-12Rβ1 side chain expression and clonal expansion. Indeed, miR-146b-5p significantly bound to the 3'-UTR region of the IL-12Rβ1 mRNA in an in vitro luciferase assay. Downregulation of miR-146b-5p with specific miRNA inhibitors in vitro led to the upregulation of the IL-12Rβ1 side chain and expression of a functional IL-23R complex similar to that observed after stimulation of the CLL cell through the surface CD40 molecules. Expression of miR-146b-5p with miRNA mimics in vitro inhibited the expression of the IL-23R complex after stimulation with CD40L. Administration of a miR-146b-5p mimic to NSG mice, successfully engrafted with CLL cells, caused tumor shrinkage, with a reduction of leukemic nodules and of IL-12Rβ1-positive CLL cells in the spleen. Our findings indicate that IL-12Rβ1 expression, a crucial checkpoint for the functioning of the IL-23 and IL-23R complex loop, is under the control of miR-146b-5p, which may represent a potential target for therapy since it contributes to the CLL pathogenesis. This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00917540.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/342537
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact