To reduce the mortality of COVID-19 older patients, clear criteria to predict in-hospital mortality are urgently needed. Here, we aimed to evaluate the performance of selected routine laboratory biomarkers in improving the prediction of in-hospital mortality in 641 consecutive COVID-19 geriatric patients (mean age 86.6 ± 6.8) who were hospitalized at the INRCA hospital (Ancona, Italy). Thirty-four percent of the enrolled patients were deceased during the in-hospital stay. The percentage of severely frail patients, assessed with the Clinical Frailty Scale, was significantly increased in deceased patients compared to the survived ones. The age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score was not significantly associated with an increased risk of death. Among the routine parameters, neutrophilia, eosinopenia, lymphopenia, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, IL-6, and NT-proBNP showed the highest predictive values. The fully adjusted Cox regressions models confirmed that high neutrophil %, NLR, derived NLR (dNLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and low lymphocyte count, eosinophil %, and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were the best predictors of in-hospital mortality, independently from age, gender, and other potential confounders. Overall, our results strongly support the use of routine parameters, including complete blood count, in geriatric patients to predict COVID-19 in-hospital mortality, independent from baseline comorbidities and frailty. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Routine laboratory parameters, including complete blood count, predict COVID-19 in-hospital mortality in geriatric patients

Corsonello, A.;Procopio, A. D.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

To reduce the mortality of COVID-19 older patients, clear criteria to predict in-hospital mortality are urgently needed. Here, we aimed to evaluate the performance of selected routine laboratory biomarkers in improving the prediction of in-hospital mortality in 641 consecutive COVID-19 geriatric patients (mean age 86.6 ± 6.8) who were hospitalized at the INRCA hospital (Ancona, Italy). Thirty-four percent of the enrolled patients were deceased during the in-hospital stay. The percentage of severely frail patients, assessed with the Clinical Frailty Scale, was significantly increased in deceased patients compared to the survived ones. The age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score was not significantly associated with an increased risk of death. Among the routine parameters, neutrophilia, eosinopenia, lymphopenia, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, IL-6, and NT-proBNP showed the highest predictive values. The fully adjusted Cox regressions models confirmed that high neutrophil %, NLR, derived NLR (dNLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and low lymphocyte count, eosinophil %, and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were the best predictors of in-hospital mortality, independently from age, gender, and other potential confounders. Overall, our results strongly support the use of routine parameters, including complete blood count, in geriatric patients to predict COVID-19 in-hospital mortality, independent from baseline comorbidities and frailty. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/344565
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