: Vaccine hesitancy (VH) might represent a serious threat to the next COVID-19 mass immunization campaign. We use machine learning algorithms to predict communities at a high risk of VH relying on area-level indicators easily available to policymakers. We illustrate our approach on data from child immunization campaigns for seven nonmandatory vaccines carried out in 6062 Italian municipalities in 2016. A battery of machine learning models is compared in terms of area under the receiver operating characteristics curve. We find that the Random Forest algorithm best predicts areas with a high risk of VH improving the unpredictable baseline level by 24% in terms of accuracy. Among the area-level indicators, the proportion of waste recycling and the employment rate are found to be the most powerful predictors of high VH. This can support policymakers to target area-level provaccine awareness campaigns.

Predicting vaccine hesitancy from area-level indicators: A machine learning approach

Carrieri, Vincenzo;
2021-01-01

Abstract

: Vaccine hesitancy (VH) might represent a serious threat to the next COVID-19 mass immunization campaign. We use machine learning algorithms to predict communities at a high risk of VH relying on area-level indicators easily available to policymakers. We illustrate our approach on data from child immunization campaigns for seven nonmandatory vaccines carried out in 6062 Italian municipalities in 2016. A battery of machine learning models is compared in terms of area under the receiver operating characteristics curve. We find that the Random Forest algorithm best predicts areas with a high risk of VH improving the unpredictable baseline level by 24% in terms of accuracy. Among the area-level indicators, the proportion of waste recycling and the employment rate are found to be the most powerful predictors of high VH. This can support policymakers to target area-level provaccine awareness campaigns.
2021
area-level indicators
machine learning
vaccine hesitancy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/344948
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