Silent myocardial ischaemia (SMI) is defined as objective evidence of ischaemia without angina (or equivalent symptoms) in the presence of coronary artery disease, differing from silent coronary artery disease. Silent myocardial ischaemia represents the majority of episodes of myocardial ischaemia at Holter monitoring. During transient myocardial ischaemia, the symptoms appear after the contraction anomalies of the left ventricle and after the ECG changes. The cause of silent myocardial ischaemia is still not well established. The severity and duration of ischaemia have been theorized as important elements in the SMI mechanism. Another possible mechanism responsible for SMI is represented by changes in the perception of painful stimuli with an increased pain threshold. Finally, a neuronal dysfunction of the diabetic, in post-infarction or a cardiac neuronal 'stunning' could play a role in SMI. In the prestent era, the SMI was associated with a worse prognosis. In patients with diabetes mellitus, SMI seems to be more represented because autonomic dysfunction is present in this category of patients. In conclusion, SMI is more frequent than symptomatic ischaemia. However, despite the presence of countless studies on the subject, it is not clear today whether medical therapy has equalized the risk and what the real prognosis of SMI is.

Old unsolved problems: When and how to treat silent ischaemia

Polimeni A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Silent myocardial ischaemia (SMI) is defined as objective evidence of ischaemia without angina (or equivalent symptoms) in the presence of coronary artery disease, differing from silent coronary artery disease. Silent myocardial ischaemia represents the majority of episodes of myocardial ischaemia at Holter monitoring. During transient myocardial ischaemia, the symptoms appear after the contraction anomalies of the left ventricle and after the ECG changes. The cause of silent myocardial ischaemia is still not well established. The severity and duration of ischaemia have been theorized as important elements in the SMI mechanism. Another possible mechanism responsible for SMI is represented by changes in the perception of painful stimuli with an increased pain threshold. Finally, a neuronal dysfunction of the diabetic, in post-infarction or a cardiac neuronal 'stunning' could play a role in SMI. In the prestent era, the SMI was associated with a worse prognosis. In patients with diabetes mellitus, SMI seems to be more represented because autonomic dysfunction is present in this category of patients. In conclusion, SMI is more frequent than symptomatic ischaemia. However, despite the presence of countless studies on the subject, it is not clear today whether medical therapy has equalized the risk and what the real prognosis of SMI is.
2020
Silent ischaemia
Transient myocardial ischaemia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/345440
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