Environmental awareness in both the public and regulatory sectors has necessitated proper treatment of medicinal components-rich pharmaceutical effluents. Even the presence of trace antiseptic may cause adverse health effects including development of "product resistant microbes" in the aquatic environment. The present study involves photomineralization of chlorhexidine, which belongs to the class of antiseptic drug components. This study details investigations on photocatalytic degradation of chlorhexidine in a slurry batch reactor using titanium dioxide photocatalyst. Emphases were given to study the effects of operating parameters on the degradation behavior of the targeted compound and characterization of degraded products. About 68.14% removal of chlorhexidine digluconate (CHD) was found after 1 h at 25 °C with a substrate-to-catalyst ratio of 2.5:1 under UV intensity of 50 μW·cm-2 at pH 10.5. Though the product profile illustrates several degraded products, toxicological analysis on Bacillus subtilis exhibited no inhibition zone, suggesting the eco-friendly nature of the degraded products. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

Remediation of antiseptic components in wastewater by photocatalysis using TiO2 nanoparticles

Sudip Chakraborty
Supervision
;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Environmental awareness in both the public and regulatory sectors has necessitated proper treatment of medicinal components-rich pharmaceutical effluents. Even the presence of trace antiseptic may cause adverse health effects including development of "product resistant microbes" in the aquatic environment. The present study involves photomineralization of chlorhexidine, which belongs to the class of antiseptic drug components. This study details investigations on photocatalytic degradation of chlorhexidine in a slurry batch reactor using titanium dioxide photocatalyst. Emphases were given to study the effects of operating parameters on the degradation behavior of the targeted compound and characterization of degraded products. About 68.14% removal of chlorhexidine digluconate (CHD) was found after 1 h at 25 °C with a substrate-to-catalyst ratio of 2.5:1 under UV intensity of 50 μW·cm-2 at pH 10.5. Though the product profile illustrates several degraded products, toxicological analysis on Bacillus subtilis exhibited no inhibition zone, suggesting the eco-friendly nature of the degraded products. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/348461
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