Membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) has shown many advances, however, its performance in combination with other treatment technologies has not been widely reported. In this study, a pilot-scale low-pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO) (FilmTec™ XLE-2540) with MCDI (CapDI© C17, Voltea) was developed and tested as a promising modular desalination system. The systems were evaluated individually at different salinities and tested together as a modular system. The study focused in the comparison to conventional seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) (FilmTec™ SW30-2540) at pilot-scale and in theory using the software Water Application Value Engine (WAVE, DuPont™), including a cost evaluation of the systems. Pilot tests were carried out in Can Gio, a riverine estuary region in South Vietnam, which is affected by progressive salinization (TDS ≈ 1–25 g/L). Drinking water quality (TDS < 600 mg/L) was achieved with a specific energy consumption (SEC) of 5.2 kWh/m³. Additionally, fouling mitigation was investigated for the ultrafiltration (UF) pre-treatment by periodic hydraulic and chemical enhanced backwashing. While the SWRO had a slightly lower SEC of 5.0 kWh/m³, WAVE calculations showed that lowering the SEC to 3.6 kWh/m³ is possible by improving the LPRO pump design and an optimization of the MCDI operation.

Modular desalination concept with low-pressure reverse osmosis and capacitive deionization: Performance study of a pilot plant in Vietnam in comparison to seawater reverse osmosis

Figoli A.;Gabriele B.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) has shown many advances, however, its performance in combination with other treatment technologies has not been widely reported. In this study, a pilot-scale low-pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO) (FilmTec™ XLE-2540) with MCDI (CapDI© C17, Voltea) was developed and tested as a promising modular desalination system. The systems were evaluated individually at different salinities and tested together as a modular system. The study focused in the comparison to conventional seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) (FilmTec™ SW30-2540) at pilot-scale and in theory using the software Water Application Value Engine (WAVE, DuPont™), including a cost evaluation of the systems. Pilot tests were carried out in Can Gio, a riverine estuary region in South Vietnam, which is affected by progressive salinization (TDS ≈ 1–25 g/L). Drinking water quality (TDS < 600 mg/L) was achieved with a specific energy consumption (SEC) of 5.2 kWh/m³. Additionally, fouling mitigation was investigated for the ultrafiltration (UF) pre-treatment by periodic hydraulic and chemical enhanced backwashing. While the SWRO had a slightly lower SEC of 5.0 kWh/m³, WAVE calculations showed that lowering the SEC to 3.6 kWh/m³ is possible by improving the LPRO pump design and an optimization of the MCDI operation.
2023
Drinking water
Estuary salinization
LPRO
MCDI
Ultrafiltration
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/349204
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