Nowadays, cloud computing provides easy access to a set of variable and configurable computing resources based on user demand through the network. Cloud computing services are available through common internet protocols and network standards. In addition to the unique benefits of cloud computing, insecure communication and attacks on cloud networks cannot be ignored. There are several techniques for dealing with network attacks. To this end, network anomaly detection systems are widely used as an effective countermeasure against network anomalies. The anomaly-based approach generally learns normal traffic patterns in various ways and identifies patterns of anomalies. Network anomaly detection systems have gained much attention in intelligently monitoring network traffic using machine learning methods. This paper presents an efficient model based on autoencoders for anomaly detection in cloud computing networks. The autoencoder learns a basic representation of the normal data and its reconstruction with minimum error. Therefore, the reconstruction error is used as an anomaly or classification metric. In addition, to detecting anomaly data from normal data, the classification of anomaly types has also been investigated. We have proposed a new approach by examining an autoencoder's anomaly detection method based on data reconstruction error. Unlike the existing autoencoder-based anomaly detection techniques that consider the reconstruction error of all input features as a single value, we assume that the reconstruction error is a vector. This enables our model to use the reconstruction error of every input feature as an anomaly or classification metric. We further propose a multi-class classification structure to classify the anomalies. We use the CIDDS-001 dataset as a commonly accepted dataset in the literature. Our evaluations show that the performance of the proposed method has improved considerably compared to the existing ones in terms of accuracy, recall, false-positive rate, and F1-score metrics.

Practical autoencoder based anomaly detection by using vector reconstruction error

Mirtaheri S. L.
;
Greco S.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Nowadays, cloud computing provides easy access to a set of variable and configurable computing resources based on user demand through the network. Cloud computing services are available through common internet protocols and network standards. In addition to the unique benefits of cloud computing, insecure communication and attacks on cloud networks cannot be ignored. There are several techniques for dealing with network attacks. To this end, network anomaly detection systems are widely used as an effective countermeasure against network anomalies. The anomaly-based approach generally learns normal traffic patterns in various ways and identifies patterns of anomalies. Network anomaly detection systems have gained much attention in intelligently monitoring network traffic using machine learning methods. This paper presents an efficient model based on autoencoders for anomaly detection in cloud computing networks. The autoencoder learns a basic representation of the normal data and its reconstruction with minimum error. Therefore, the reconstruction error is used as an anomaly or classification metric. In addition, to detecting anomaly data from normal data, the classification of anomaly types has also been investigated. We have proposed a new approach by examining an autoencoder's anomaly detection method based on data reconstruction error. Unlike the existing autoencoder-based anomaly detection techniques that consider the reconstruction error of all input features as a single value, we assume that the reconstruction error is a vector. This enables our model to use the reconstruction error of every input feature as an anomaly or classification metric. We further propose a multi-class classification structure to classify the anomalies. We use the CIDDS-001 dataset as a commonly accepted dataset in the literature. Our evaluations show that the performance of the proposed method has improved considerably compared to the existing ones in terms of accuracy, recall, false-positive rate, and F1-score metrics.
2023
Cloud
Practical
Anomaly detection
Autoencoder
Reconstruction error
Machine learning
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/355618
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