: Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable neoplasm characterized by significant morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in treatment, MM patients eventually experienced a relapse of the disease. Penta-drug refractory patients continue to be the hard core of relapsed/refractory (RR) settings. Teclistamab-cqyv is a humanized IgG4 antibody and a bispecific BCMA-director CD3 T-cell engager. It recruits endogenous T cells, by targeting CD3 receptors expressed on their surface, resulting in their activation against BCMA, an antigen expressed by plasma cells. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) have approved Teclistamab-cqyv in monotherapy for the treatment of RRMM patients who have received at least three prior therapies, including immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs), proteasome inhibitors (PIs), and anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) and have demonstrated disease progression during the last therapy. Its effectiveness was demonstrated in a pivotal clinical trial where the overall response rate (ORR) reached 60%. Other clinical studies are currently ongoing to investigate the association of the bispecific antibody with novel drugs with encouraging preliminary results, especially in the setting of heavily pretreated patients. In this review, the authors will provide a comprehensive overview of the drug, including its mechanism of action, major clinical trials, and future perspectives.

Teclistamab-cqyv in multiple myeloma

Morabito, Fortunato;Vigna, Ernesto;Gentile, Massimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable neoplasm characterized by significant morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in treatment, MM patients eventually experienced a relapse of the disease. Penta-drug refractory patients continue to be the hard core of relapsed/refractory (RR) settings. Teclistamab-cqyv is a humanized IgG4 antibody and a bispecific BCMA-director CD3 T-cell engager. It recruits endogenous T cells, by targeting CD3 receptors expressed on their surface, resulting in their activation against BCMA, an antigen expressed by plasma cells. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) have approved Teclistamab-cqyv in monotherapy for the treatment of RRMM patients who have received at least three prior therapies, including immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs), proteasome inhibitors (PIs), and anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) and have demonstrated disease progression during the last therapy. Its effectiveness was demonstrated in a pivotal clinical trial where the overall response rate (ORR) reached 60%. Other clinical studies are currently ongoing to investigate the association of the bispecific antibody with novel drugs with encouraging preliminary results, especially in the setting of heavily pretreated patients. In this review, the authors will provide a comprehensive overview of the drug, including its mechanism of action, major clinical trials, and future perspectives.
2023
Teclistamab-cqyv
multiple myeloma
therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/359060
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