BackgroundThe accurate measurement of residual stresses (RS) is crucial for predicting the performance of mechanical components, as RS can significantly impact fatigue life, fracture, corrosion, and wear resistance. Different experimental methods were developed to measure RS, including non-destructive techniques. Among these methods, instrumented nanoindentation has emerged as a promising approach to assess equi- or non-equi-biaxial RS states. This technique analyzes variations in the mechanical response of indentation on a stressed or stress-free component to estimate residual stresses. Previous studies proposed different approaches to establish a relationship between RS and indentation parameters, such as contact area, peak load, mean contact pressure, indentation work, etc. However, the correlation between RS and peak load variation, commonly assumed to be linear, showed limitations, particularly when dealing with compressive RS.ObjectiveThe aim of this work is to develop a hybrid procedure, based on finite element (FEM) simulations and experimental analyses, to measure the equi-biaxial residual stresses. In particular, it is based on the analysis of the nanoindentation peak load variation generated by the presence of residual stresses on a component.MethodsTo overcome the limitations of the linear assumption, nanoindentation experiments were combined with finite element analyses (FEA). FEA simulations were used to estimate the correlation between RS and peak load variation, providing a better understanding of the non-linear relationship. A proper experimental setup, consisting in a stress generating jig, was designed and manufactured to perform nanoindentations on a sample, made by aluminium alloy AA 7050 T451, subjected to external mechanical stress with the aim to validate the FEA model. FEA and the digital image correlation (DIC) technique were also used to verify that the induced stress field was the expected one.ResultsObtained results revealed that the proposed method is a valid way to measure residual stresses. In fact, it offers an improved correlation between RS and peak load variation. In addition, by integrating nanoindentation experiments and FEA, a more accurate assessment of RS can be also achieved.ConclusionsThis research contributes to the development of a consistent methodology for RS measurement using instrumented nanoindentation.

A Novel Method to Measure Equi-Biaxial Residual Stress by Nanoindentation

Sgambitterra, E;Furgiuele, F;
2023-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundThe accurate measurement of residual stresses (RS) is crucial for predicting the performance of mechanical components, as RS can significantly impact fatigue life, fracture, corrosion, and wear resistance. Different experimental methods were developed to measure RS, including non-destructive techniques. Among these methods, instrumented nanoindentation has emerged as a promising approach to assess equi- or non-equi-biaxial RS states. This technique analyzes variations in the mechanical response of indentation on a stressed or stress-free component to estimate residual stresses. Previous studies proposed different approaches to establish a relationship between RS and indentation parameters, such as contact area, peak load, mean contact pressure, indentation work, etc. However, the correlation between RS and peak load variation, commonly assumed to be linear, showed limitations, particularly when dealing with compressive RS.ObjectiveThe aim of this work is to develop a hybrid procedure, based on finite element (FEM) simulations and experimental analyses, to measure the equi-biaxial residual stresses. In particular, it is based on the analysis of the nanoindentation peak load variation generated by the presence of residual stresses on a component.MethodsTo overcome the limitations of the linear assumption, nanoindentation experiments were combined with finite element analyses (FEA). FEA simulations were used to estimate the correlation between RS and peak load variation, providing a better understanding of the non-linear relationship. A proper experimental setup, consisting in a stress generating jig, was designed and manufactured to perform nanoindentations on a sample, made by aluminium alloy AA 7050 T451, subjected to external mechanical stress with the aim to validate the FEA model. FEA and the digital image correlation (DIC) technique were also used to verify that the induced stress field was the expected one.ResultsObtained results revealed that the proposed method is a valid way to measure residual stresses. In fact, it offers an improved correlation between RS and peak load variation. In addition, by integrating nanoindentation experiments and FEA, a more accurate assessment of RS can be also achieved.ConclusionsThis research contributes to the development of a consistent methodology for RS measurement using instrumented nanoindentation.
2023
Residual Stress Measurement
Nano-indentation
Digital Image Correlation
Finite Element Simulation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/360406
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