Purpose: To examine deformations of the optic nerve head (ONH) deep tissues in response to acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods: Research-consented brain-dead organ donors underwent imaging by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT imaging was repeated while the eye was sequentially maintained at manometric pressures of 10, 30, and 50 mm Hg. Radial scans of the ONH were automatically segmented by deep learning and quantified in three dimensions by a custom algorithm. Change in lamina cribrosa (LC) depth and choroidal thickness was correlated with IOP and age by linear mixed-effect models. LC depth was computed against commonly utilized reference planes. Results: Twenty-six eyes from 20 brain-dead organ donors (age range, 22-62 years; median age, 43 years) were imaged and quantified. LC depth measured against a reference plane based on Bruch's membrane (BM), BM opening, and an anterior sclera canal opening plane showed both a reduction and an increase in LC depth with IOP elevation. LC depth universally increased in depth when measured against a sclera reference plane. Choroidal (-0.5222 µm/mm Hg, P < 0.001) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (-0.0717 µm/mm Hg, P < 0.001) significantly thinned with increasing IOP. The magnitude of LC depth change with IOP was significantly smaller with increasing age (P < 0.03 for all reference planes). Conclusions: LC depth changes with IOP reduce with age and are significantly affected by the reference plane of choice, which highlights a need for standardizing LC metrics to properly follow progressive remodeling of the loadbearing tissues of the ONH by OCT imaging and for the definition of a reference database.

Displacement of the Lamina Cribrosa With Acute Intraocular Pressure Increase in Brain-Dead Organ Donors

Bruno, Luigi
Methodology
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To examine deformations of the optic nerve head (ONH) deep tissues in response to acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods: Research-consented brain-dead organ donors underwent imaging by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT imaging was repeated while the eye was sequentially maintained at manometric pressures of 10, 30, and 50 mm Hg. Radial scans of the ONH were automatically segmented by deep learning and quantified in three dimensions by a custom algorithm. Change in lamina cribrosa (LC) depth and choroidal thickness was correlated with IOP and age by linear mixed-effect models. LC depth was computed against commonly utilized reference planes. Results: Twenty-six eyes from 20 brain-dead organ donors (age range, 22-62 years; median age, 43 years) were imaged and quantified. LC depth measured against a reference plane based on Bruch's membrane (BM), BM opening, and an anterior sclera canal opening plane showed both a reduction and an increase in LC depth with IOP elevation. LC depth universally increased in depth when measured against a sclera reference plane. Choroidal (-0.5222 µm/mm Hg, P < 0.001) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (-0.0717 µm/mm Hg, P < 0.001) significantly thinned with increasing IOP. The magnitude of LC depth change with IOP was significantly smaller with increasing age (P < 0.03 for all reference planes). Conclusions: LC depth changes with IOP reduce with age and are significantly affected by the reference plane of choice, which highlights a need for standardizing LC metrics to properly follow progressive remodeling of the loadbearing tissues of the ONH by OCT imaging and for the definition of a reference database.
2023
glaucoma
intraocular pressure
biomechanics
lamina cribrosa
peripapillary sclera
optic nerve head
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/363943
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact