In this study, liposomes coated with novel multifunctional polymers were proposed as an innovative platform for tumor targeted drug delivery. Novel Folic acid–Cysteine-Thiolated chitosan (FTC) derivatives possessing active targeting ability and redox responsivity were synthesized, characterized, and employed to develop FTC-coated liposomes. Liposomes were characterized for size, surface charge and drug encapsulation efficiency before and after coating. The formation of a coating layer on liposomal surface was confirmed by the slight increase in particle size and by zeta-potential changes. FTC-coated liposomes showed a redox-dependent drug release profile: good stability at physiological conditions and rapid release of liposome-entrapped calcein in presence of glutathione. Moreover, the uptake and cytotoxic activity of doxorubicin-loaded FTC-coated liposomes was evaluated on murine B16-F10 and human SKMEL2 melanoma cancer cells. Results demonstrated enhanced uptake and antitumor efficacy of FTC-coated liposomes compared to control chitosan-coated liposomes in both cancer lines, which is attributed to higher cellular uptake via folate receptor-mediated endocytosis and to triggered drug release by the reductive microenvironment of tumor cells. The proposed novel liposomes show great potential as nanocarriers for targeted therapy of cancer.

Liposomes Coated with Novel Synthetic Bifunctional Chitosan Derivatives as Potential Carriers of Anticancer Drugs

Muzzalupo R.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

In this study, liposomes coated with novel multifunctional polymers were proposed as an innovative platform for tumor targeted drug delivery. Novel Folic acid–Cysteine-Thiolated chitosan (FTC) derivatives possessing active targeting ability and redox responsivity were synthesized, characterized, and employed to develop FTC-coated liposomes. Liposomes were characterized for size, surface charge and drug encapsulation efficiency before and after coating. The formation of a coating layer on liposomal surface was confirmed by the slight increase in particle size and by zeta-potential changes. FTC-coated liposomes showed a redox-dependent drug release profile: good stability at physiological conditions and rapid release of liposome-entrapped calcein in presence of glutathione. Moreover, the uptake and cytotoxic activity of doxorubicin-loaded FTC-coated liposomes was evaluated on murine B16-F10 and human SKMEL2 melanoma cancer cells. Results demonstrated enhanced uptake and antitumor efficacy of FTC-coated liposomes compared to control chitosan-coated liposomes in both cancer lines, which is attributed to higher cellular uptake via folate receptor-mediated endocytosis and to triggered drug release by the reductive microenvironment of tumor cells. The proposed novel liposomes show great potential as nanocarriers for targeted therapy of cancer.
2024
cancer therapy
liposomes
multifunctional polymers
polymer coating
stimuli-responsive
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/365529
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