There is no specific therapy for polyoma BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) in kidney transplant recipients, a condition associated with poor outcomes. Everolimus showed promising antiviral effects, but data from prospective studies are limited. Therefore, we converted ten consecutive kidney transplant recipients with biopsy-proven BKVN from standard exposure Calcineurin inhibitors and Mycophenolate to Everolimus and reduced exposure Calcineurin inhibitors. Ten patients not administered Everolimus, on reduced exposure Calcineurin inhibitor and halved MPA doses served as controls. All kidney transplant recipients continued steroid therapy. Each patient underwent kidney graft biopsy, BKV replication by PCR, and de novo DSA determination. During a 3-year follow-up no graft loss occurred in kidney transplant recipients on Everolimus but it was observed in 5/10 controls (P = 0.032). eGFR improved on Everolimus and worsened in controls (between group difference + 25.6 ml/min/1.73 m2, 95% CI 10.5-40.7, P = 0.002). BKV replication declined in the Everolimus group alone (from 6.4 ± 0.8 to 3.6 ± 1.6 Log 10 genomic copies, P = 0.0001), and we found a significant inverse relationship between eGFR and BKV genomic copy changes (P = 0.022). Average Calcineurin inhibitors trough levels did not differ between the two study groups during follow-up. By multivariable Cox regression analysis, Everolimus treatment resulted the only significant predictor of survival free of a combined endpoint of graft loss and 57% eGFR reduction (P = 0.02). Kidney transplant recipients on Everolimus had a higher survival free of adverse graft outcome (log-rank test, P = 0.009). In conclusion an Everolimus-based immunosuppressive protocol with minimization of Calcineurin inhibitors and antimetabolite discontinuation effectively treated BKVN in kidney transplant recipients.

Everolimus for BKV Nephropathy in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Prospective, Controlled Study

Zaza G;
2021-01-01

Abstract

There is no specific therapy for polyoma BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) in kidney transplant recipients, a condition associated with poor outcomes. Everolimus showed promising antiviral effects, but data from prospective studies are limited. Therefore, we converted ten consecutive kidney transplant recipients with biopsy-proven BKVN from standard exposure Calcineurin inhibitors and Mycophenolate to Everolimus and reduced exposure Calcineurin inhibitors. Ten patients not administered Everolimus, on reduced exposure Calcineurin inhibitor and halved MPA doses served as controls. All kidney transplant recipients continued steroid therapy. Each patient underwent kidney graft biopsy, BKV replication by PCR, and de novo DSA determination. During a 3-year follow-up no graft loss occurred in kidney transplant recipients on Everolimus but it was observed in 5/10 controls (P = 0.032). eGFR improved on Everolimus and worsened in controls (between group difference + 25.6 ml/min/1.73 m2, 95% CI 10.5-40.7, P = 0.002). BKV replication declined in the Everolimus group alone (from 6.4 ± 0.8 to 3.6 ± 1.6 Log 10 genomic copies, P = 0.0001), and we found a significant inverse relationship between eGFR and BKV genomic copy changes (P = 0.022). Average Calcineurin inhibitors trough levels did not differ between the two study groups during follow-up. By multivariable Cox regression analysis, Everolimus treatment resulted the only significant predictor of survival free of a combined endpoint of graft loss and 57% eGFR reduction (P = 0.02). Kidney transplant recipients on Everolimus had a higher survival free of adverse graft outcome (log-rank test, P = 0.009). In conclusion an Everolimus-based immunosuppressive protocol with minimization of Calcineurin inhibitors and antimetabolite discontinuation effectively treated BKVN in kidney transplant recipients.
2021
BKV
Everolimus
Kidney transplantation
mTOR inhibitors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/365835
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