1,4-dihydropyridines (1,4-DHPs) are widely recognized as highly effective L-type calcium channel blockers with significant therapeutic benefits in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. 1,4-DHPs can also target T-type calcium channels, making them promising drug candidates for neurological conditions. When exposed to light, all 1,4-DHPs tend to easily degrade, leading to an oxidation product derived from the aromatization of the dihydropyridine ring. Herein, the elaboration of a quantitative structure–property relationships (QSPR) model was carried out by correlating the light sensitivity of structurally different 1,4-DHPs with theoretical molecular descriptors. Photodegradation experiments were performed by exposing the drugs to a Xenon lamp following the ICH rules. The degradation was monitored by spectrophotometry, and experimental data were elaborated by Multivariate Curve Resolution (MCR) methodologies to assess the kinetic rates. The results were confirmed by the HPLC-DAD method. PaDEL-Descriptor software was used to calculate molecular descriptors and fingerprints related to the chemical structures. Seventeen of the 1875 molecular descriptors were selected and correlated to the photodegradation rate by means of the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) algorithm. The chemometric model is useful to predict the photosensitivity of other 1,4-DHP derivatives with a very low relative error percentage of 5.03% and represents an effective tool to design new analogs characterized by higher photostability.

Multivariate Approaches in Quantitative Structure–Property Relationships Study for the Photostability Assessment of 1,4-Dihydropyridine Derivatives

Chieffallo M.;De Luca M.;Grande F.;Occhiuzzi M. A.;Garofalo A.;Ioele G.
2024-01-01

Abstract

1,4-dihydropyridines (1,4-DHPs) are widely recognized as highly effective L-type calcium channel blockers with significant therapeutic benefits in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. 1,4-DHPs can also target T-type calcium channels, making them promising drug candidates for neurological conditions. When exposed to light, all 1,4-DHPs tend to easily degrade, leading to an oxidation product derived from the aromatization of the dihydropyridine ring. Herein, the elaboration of a quantitative structure–property relationships (QSPR) model was carried out by correlating the light sensitivity of structurally different 1,4-DHPs with theoretical molecular descriptors. Photodegradation experiments were performed by exposing the drugs to a Xenon lamp following the ICH rules. The degradation was monitored by spectrophotometry, and experimental data were elaborated by Multivariate Curve Resolution (MCR) methodologies to assess the kinetic rates. The results were confirmed by the HPLC-DAD method. PaDEL-Descriptor software was used to calculate molecular descriptors and fingerprints related to the chemical structures. Seventeen of the 1875 molecular descriptors were selected and correlated to the photodegradation rate by means of the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) algorithm. The chemometric model is useful to predict the photosensitivity of other 1,4-DHP derivatives with a very low relative error percentage of 5.03% and represents an effective tool to design new analogs characterized by higher photostability.
2024
calcium channel blockers
ICH rules
molecular descriptors
multivariate curve resolution
ordinary least squares
photodegradation study
QSPR study
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/366101
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