A dual-band fractal metamaterial absorber is proposed as a promising alternative for sensing applications. A preliminary prototype, useful to validate the proposed configuration, is designed to operate in the Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) range. The inherent miniaturization skills of fractal geometries are effectively exploited to design and fabricate multiband/broadband absorbers with a small lattice size (0/2 at the smaller operating frequency f0) and a very thin profile (0/100). Two pairs of Minkowski fractal patches, alternately arranged in four different quadrants and properly sized to achieve two distinct absorption peaks, are assumed for the absorber-sensor configuration. In the framework of dielectric material diagnostics, the MA structure shows a relative average sensitivity of 4.6% and a quality factor equal to 36. Very high absorption peaks (>99%) and quite good stable absorption rates versus incidence angle variations (≥ 90% for TE polarization and ≥ 97% for TM polarization at both frequencies) are demonstrated both numerically and through experimental validations, thus proving the applicability of the proposed absorber sensor in low-frequency sensing applications.

Fractal Metamaterial Surfaces for UHF Sensing Applications

Francesca Venneri
;
Sandra Costanzo;Antonio Borgia;Giovanni Buonanno
2024-01-01

Abstract

A dual-band fractal metamaterial absorber is proposed as a promising alternative for sensing applications. A preliminary prototype, useful to validate the proposed configuration, is designed to operate in the Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) range. The inherent miniaturization skills of fractal geometries are effectively exploited to design and fabricate multiband/broadband absorbers with a small lattice size (0/2 at the smaller operating frequency f0) and a very thin profile (0/100). Two pairs of Minkowski fractal patches, alternately arranged in four different quadrants and properly sized to achieve two distinct absorption peaks, are assumed for the absorber-sensor configuration. In the framework of dielectric material diagnostics, the MA structure shows a relative average sensitivity of 4.6% and a quality factor equal to 36. Very high absorption peaks (>99%) and quite good stable absorption rates versus incidence angle variations (≥ 90% for TE polarization and ≥ 97% for TM polarization at both frequencies) are demonstrated both numerically and through experimental validations, thus proving the applicability of the proposed absorber sensor in low-frequency sensing applications.
2024
Dual-band
Fractals
Metamaterial absorbers
Microwave sensors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/366182
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