In the present study, it was aimed to optimize the process of lactose hydrolysis using free and immobilized β-galactosidase to produce glucose and galactose. Response surface methodology (RSM) by central composite design (CCD) was employed to optimize the degree of hydrolysis by varying three parameters, temperature (15-45. °C), solution pH (5-9) and β-galactosidase enzyme concentration (2-8. mg/mL) for free mode of analysis and sodium alginate concentration (2-4%), calcium chloride concentration (3-6%) and enzyme concentration (2-8. mg/mL) for immobilized process. Based on plots and variance analysis, the optimum operational conditions for maximizing lactose hydrolysis were found to be temperature (35.5. °C), pH (6.7) and enzyme concentration (6.7. mg/mL) in free mode and sodium alginate concentration (3%), calcium chloride concentration (5.9%) and enzyme concentration (5.2. mg/mL) in immobilized mode.

Lactose hydrolysis by β-galactosidase enzyme: Optimization using response surface methodology

Sudip Chakraborty
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2015-01-01

Abstract

In the present study, it was aimed to optimize the process of lactose hydrolysis using free and immobilized β-galactosidase to produce glucose and galactose. Response surface methodology (RSM) by central composite design (CCD) was employed to optimize the degree of hydrolysis by varying three parameters, temperature (15-45. °C), solution pH (5-9) and β-galactosidase enzyme concentration (2-8. mg/mL) for free mode of analysis and sodium alginate concentration (2-4%), calcium chloride concentration (3-6%) and enzyme concentration (2-8. mg/mL) for immobilized process. Based on plots and variance analysis, the optimum operational conditions for maximizing lactose hydrolysis were found to be temperature (35.5. °C), pH (6.7) and enzyme concentration (6.7. mg/mL) in free mode and sodium alginate concentration (3%), calcium chloride concentration (5.9%) and enzyme concentration (5.2. mg/mL) in immobilized mode.
2015
Calcium alginate
Immobilized enzyme
Lactose hydrolysis
Response surface methodology
β-galactosidase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/366632
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