Amperometric biosensing of glutamate using nanobiocomposite derived from multiwall carbon nanotube (CNT), biopolymer chitosan (CHIT), redox mediator meldola's blue (MDB) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GlDH) is described. The CNT composite electrode shows a reversible voltammetric response for the redox reaction of MDB at -0.15 V; the composite electrode efficiently mediates the oxidation of NADH at -0.07 V, which is 630 mV less positive than that on an unmodified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. The CNTs in the composite electrode facilitates the mediated electron transfer for the oxidation of NADH. The CNT composite electrode is highly sensitive (5.9 ± 1.52 nA/μM) towards NADH and it could detect as low as 0.5 μM of NADH in neutral pH. The CNT composite electrode is highly stable and does not undergo deactivation by the oxidation products. The electrode does not suffer from the interference due to other anionic electroactive compounds such as ascorbate (AA) and urate (UA). Separate voltammetric peaks have been observed for NADH, AA and UA, allowing the individual or simultaneous determination of these bioanalytes. The glutamate biosensor was developed by combining the electrocatalytic activity of the composite film and GlDH. The enzymatically generated NADH was electrocatalytically detected using the biocomposite electrode. Glutamate has been successfully detected at -0.1 V without any interference. The biosensor is highly sensitive, stable and shows linear response. The sensitivity and the limit of detection of the biosensor was 0.71 ± 0.08 nA/μM and 2 μM, respectively. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Amperometric biosensing of glutamate using carbon nanotube based electrode

Sudip Chakraborty
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2007-01-01

Abstract

Amperometric biosensing of glutamate using nanobiocomposite derived from multiwall carbon nanotube (CNT), biopolymer chitosan (CHIT), redox mediator meldola's blue (MDB) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GlDH) is described. The CNT composite electrode shows a reversible voltammetric response for the redox reaction of MDB at -0.15 V; the composite electrode efficiently mediates the oxidation of NADH at -0.07 V, which is 630 mV less positive than that on an unmodified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. The CNTs in the composite electrode facilitates the mediated electron transfer for the oxidation of NADH. The CNT composite electrode is highly sensitive (5.9 ± 1.52 nA/μM) towards NADH and it could detect as low as 0.5 μM of NADH in neutral pH. The CNT composite electrode is highly stable and does not undergo deactivation by the oxidation products. The electrode does not suffer from the interference due to other anionic electroactive compounds such as ascorbate (AA) and urate (UA). Separate voltammetric peaks have been observed for NADH, AA and UA, allowing the individual or simultaneous determination of these bioanalytes. The glutamate biosensor was developed by combining the electrocatalytic activity of the composite film and GlDH. The enzymatically generated NADH was electrocatalytically detected using the biocomposite electrode. Glutamate has been successfully detected at -0.1 V without any interference. The biosensor is highly sensitive, stable and shows linear response. The sensitivity and the limit of detection of the biosensor was 0.71 ± 0.08 nA/μM and 2 μM, respectively. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2007
Amperometry
Biosensor
Carbon nanotube
Composite electrode
Glutamate dehydrogenase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/366636
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