A complication of diabetes is neuropathic pain, which is difficult to control with medication. We have confirmed that neuropathic pain due to mechanical allodynia in diabetic mice is mediated by a characteristic neuropeptide in the spinal cord. We evaluated the strength of mechanical allodynia in mice using von Frey filaments. When mice were intravenously injected with streptozotocin, mechanical allodynia appeared 3 days later. Antibodies of representative neuropeptides were intrathecally (i.t.) administered to allodynia-induced mice 7 days after the intravenous administration of streptozotocin, and allodynia was reduced by anti-cholecystokinin octapeptide antibodies, anti-nociceptin/orphanin FQ antibodies, and anti-hemokinin-1 antibodies. In contrast, i.t.-administered anti-substance P antibodies, anti-somatostatin antibodies, and anti-angiotensin II antibodies did not affect streptozotocin-induced diabetic allodynia mice. Mechanical allodynia was attenuated by the i.t. administration of CCK-B receptor antagonists and ORL-1 receptor antagonists. The mRNA level of CCK-B receptors in streptozotocin-induced diabetic allodynia mice increased in the spinal cord, but not in the dorsal root ganglion. These results indicate that diabetic allodynia is caused by cholecystokinin octapeptide, nociceptin/orphanin FQ, and hemokinin-1 released from primary afferent neurons in the spinal cord that transmit pain to the brain via the spinal dorsal horn.

Role of Spinal Cholecystokinin Octapeptide, Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ, and Hemokinin-1 in Diabetic Allodynia

Giacinto Bagetta;
2024-01-01

Abstract

A complication of diabetes is neuropathic pain, which is difficult to control with medication. We have confirmed that neuropathic pain due to mechanical allodynia in diabetic mice is mediated by a characteristic neuropeptide in the spinal cord. We evaluated the strength of mechanical allodynia in mice using von Frey filaments. When mice were intravenously injected with streptozotocin, mechanical allodynia appeared 3 days later. Antibodies of representative neuropeptides were intrathecally (i.t.) administered to allodynia-induced mice 7 days after the intravenous administration of streptozotocin, and allodynia was reduced by anti-cholecystokinin octapeptide antibodies, anti-nociceptin/orphanin FQ antibodies, and anti-hemokinin-1 antibodies. In contrast, i.t.-administered anti-substance P antibodies, anti-somatostatin antibodies, and anti-angiotensin II antibodies did not affect streptozotocin-induced diabetic allodynia mice. Mechanical allodynia was attenuated by the i.t. administration of CCK-B receptor antagonists and ORL-1 receptor antagonists. The mRNA level of CCK-B receptors in streptozotocin-induced diabetic allodynia mice increased in the spinal cord, but not in the dorsal root ganglion. These results indicate that diabetic allodynia is caused by cholecystokinin octapeptide, nociceptin/orphanin FQ, and hemokinin-1 released from primary afferent neurons in the spinal cord that transmit pain to the brain via the spinal dorsal horn.
2024
cholecystokinin octapeptide; nociceptin/orphanin FQ; hemokinin-1; diabetic allodynia; spinal cord
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/367737
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