Cachrys pungens Jan ex Guss. (Apiaceae) is a perennial plant native to Italy and Northwestern Africa. This species is known for its content in furanocoumarins, and the methanolic extract obtained with maceration previously demonstrated significant phototoxicity on 375 melanoma cells. Here, in order to better explain the biological effects, the apoptotic responses on melanoma cancer cell line were verified. The aerial parts were extracted with methanol through an innovative solid–liquid extraction technology, the Naviglio extractor®, and the raw extract was tested for its photobiological properties on human melanoma C32 cells irradiated with UVA light. The in vitro antioxidant potential was assessed as well. The sample exerted a concentration-dependent photocytotoxic activity (IC50 value = 3.00 ± 0.16 µg/mL). In line with these evidences, in C32-treated cells subjected to UV irradiation, further data have reported an up-regulation of p53 and PARP, both proteins involved in apoptotic response and DNA repair.

Rapid solid-liquid dynamic extraction of Cachrys pungens Jan ex Guss. aerial parts: influence on the photobiological and antioxidant properties

Mariangela Marrelli;Francesca Giordano
;
Giancarlo Statti;Maria Luisa Panno
2023-01-01

Abstract

Cachrys pungens Jan ex Guss. (Apiaceae) is a perennial plant native to Italy and Northwestern Africa. This species is known for its content in furanocoumarins, and the methanolic extract obtained with maceration previously demonstrated significant phototoxicity on 375 melanoma cells. Here, in order to better explain the biological effects, the apoptotic responses on melanoma cancer cell line were verified. The aerial parts were extracted with methanol through an innovative solid–liquid extraction technology, the Naviglio extractor®, and the raw extract was tested for its photobiological properties on human melanoma C32 cells irradiated with UVA light. The in vitro antioxidant potential was assessed as well. The sample exerted a concentration-dependent photocytotoxic activity (IC50 value = 3.00 ± 0.16 µg/mL). In line with these evidences, in C32-treated cells subjected to UV irradiation, further data have reported an up-regulation of p53 and PARP, both proteins involved in apoptotic response and DNA repair.
2023
Apiaceae
apoptosis
coumarins
melanoma
photochemotherapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/369121
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