Background In kidney transplant recipients (KTR), the end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) risk dependent on the risk factors acting in native chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains undefined. Methods We compared risk and determinants of ESKD between 757 adult KTR and 1940 patients with native CKD before and after propensity-score (PS) analysis matched for unmodifiable risk factors [(age, sex, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)]. Results In unmatched cohorts, eGFR was lower in CKD versus KTR (45.9 +/- 11.3 versus 59.2 +/- 13.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P < 0.001). During a median follow-up of 5.4 years, the unadjusted cumulative incidence of ESKD was consistently lower in unmatched KTR versus CKD. Conversely, in PS-matched analysis, the risk of ESKD in KTR was 78% lower versus CKD at 1 year of follow-up while progressively increased over time resulting similar to that of native CKD patients after 5 years and 2.3-fold higher than that observed in CKD at 10 years. R-2 analysis in unmatched patients showed that the proportion of the outcome variance explained by traditional ESKD determinants was smaller in KTR versus native CKD (31% versus 70%). After PS matching, the risk of ESKD [hazard ratio (HR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI)] was significantly associated with systolic blood pressure (1.02, 1.01-1.02), phosphorus (1.31, 1.05-1.64), 24-h proteinuria (1.11, 1.05-1.17) and haemoglobin (0.85, 0.78-0.93) irrespective of KTR status. Similar data were obtained after matching also for modifiable risk factors. Conclusions In KTR, when compared with matched native CKD patients, the risk of ESKD is lower in the first 5 years and higher later on. Traditional determinants of ESKD account for one-third of the variability of time-to-graft failure.

Risk of end-stage kidney disease in kidney transplant recipients versus patients with native chronic kidney disease: multicentre unmatched and propensity-score matched analyses

Provenzano, Michele
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background In kidney transplant recipients (KTR), the end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) risk dependent on the risk factors acting in native chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains undefined. Methods We compared risk and determinants of ESKD between 757 adult KTR and 1940 patients with native CKD before and after propensity-score (PS) analysis matched for unmodifiable risk factors [(age, sex, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)]. Results In unmatched cohorts, eGFR was lower in CKD versus KTR (45.9 +/- 11.3 versus 59.2 +/- 13.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P < 0.001). During a median follow-up of 5.4 years, the unadjusted cumulative incidence of ESKD was consistently lower in unmatched KTR versus CKD. Conversely, in PS-matched analysis, the risk of ESKD in KTR was 78% lower versus CKD at 1 year of follow-up while progressively increased over time resulting similar to that of native CKD patients after 5 years and 2.3-fold higher than that observed in CKD at 10 years. R-2 analysis in unmatched patients showed that the proportion of the outcome variance explained by traditional ESKD determinants was smaller in KTR versus native CKD (31% versus 70%). After PS matching, the risk of ESKD [hazard ratio (HR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI)] was significantly associated with systolic blood pressure (1.02, 1.01-1.02), phosphorus (1.31, 1.05-1.64), 24-h proteinuria (1.11, 1.05-1.17) and haemoglobin (0.85, 0.78-0.93) irrespective of KTR status. Similar data were obtained after matching also for modifiable risk factors. Conclusions In KTR, when compared with matched native CKD patients, the risk of ESKD is lower in the first 5 years and higher later on. Traditional determinants of ESKD account for one-third of the variability of time-to-graft failure.
2023
ESRD
chronic renal failure
epidemiology
kidney transplantation
prognosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/369189
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