The present study examines whether the Russian economy exhibits the symptoms of the Dutch Disease over the transition period begun in the early 1990s. Five warning signs have been detected, namely, a real exchange rate appreciation (1); a flourishing economic situation pushed by higher oil prices (2); a relative deindustrialisation (3); an export reduction in the non-booming-sector (4) and a real wage growth (5). The first three symptoms are estimated simultaneously in a VECM dimension. The results suggest the existence of three long-run cointegrating vectors, thus confirming the presence of the first three symptoms. Specifically, a 10% oil price shock leads to a real appreciation by 4%, a rise in GDP by 3% and a decline in domestic manufacturing production vis-a`-vis service production by another 3%. Finally, a number of manufacturing exports have been crowded out and real wages have recorded important increases. To a certain extent, this corroborates the presence of symptom 4 and 5. The paper concludes that the risk of the Dutch Disease exists, and two preventive thrusts of action could be undertaken to reduce its threat: namely to diversify the economy and to hold back the appreciation of the exchange rate through targeted fiscal and monetary policies. These instruments would render Russia less vulnerable to exogenous shocks
The Dutch Disease: Evidences from Russia / Algieri, Bernardina. - In: ECONOMIC CHANGE AND RESTRUCTURING. - ISSN 1573-9414. - 44:3(2011), pp. 243-277.
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|Titolo:||The Dutch Disease: Evidences from Russia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Citazione:||The Dutch Disease: Evidences from Russia / Algieri, Bernardina. - In: ECONOMIC CHANGE AND RESTRUCTURING. - ISSN 1573-9414. - 44:3(2011), pp. 243-277.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|