The "Calcare di Mendicino" is a mixed carbonate- siliciclastic informal unit of Miocene (Late Tortonian- Early Messinian age), that crops out extensively in the northwestern part of the Calabria. In the Scannelle quarry near Belsito (Cosenza), four stratigraphic sections were studied to define the sedimentological and paleoecological setting. The carbonate body records the development of a deep-water coral bank characterized by a low-diverse community of azooxanthellate scleractinian (Oculina and Dendrophyllia) and stylasterine hydrozoans colonies. Two main stages of bioconstruction development can be distinguished: a thicket and a bank stage. Among the biostromal dwellers the more common are bryozoans, echinoids, benthic foraminifers, gastropods, and bivalves. A higher content of planktonic foraminifers occur in the thicket stage. The coral bank flourished within the aphotic zone, with deep currents loaded with nutrients and siliciclastic sediments. The upper part of the "Calcare di Mendicino" carbonate body has been affected by a pervasive dolomitization destroying almost completely the sedimentary structures and the biofacies. The lower part, the main object of this paper, preserves the microfacies but it experienced a widespread recrystallization obliterating the primary geochemical characteristics. The diagenetic history, partly hidden, reveals three main stages: primary marine with isopachous fibrous cements, deep burial with cavities infilled by sparry calcite, and meteoric-phreatic with dog-tooth cements.
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|Titolo:||Deep-Water Coral Banks: an Example from the ‘’Calcare di Mendicino’’ (Upper Miocene, Northern Calabria, Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Citazione:||Deep-Water Coral Banks: an Example from the ‘’Calcare di Mendicino’’ (Upper Miocene, Northern Calabria, Italy) / Mastandrea, Adelaide; Muto, Francesco; Neri, C; PAPAZZONI C., A; Perri, Edoardo; Russo, F.. - In: FACIES. - ISSN 0172-9179. - 47(2002), pp. 27-42.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|