This paper proposes a methodology for evaluating the quality of service perceived by users of a bustransit service. A Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach is used to reveal the unobserved latentaspects describing the service and the relationships between these aspects with the Overall ServiceQuality. Data from a Customer Satisfaction Survey conducted by the Transport Consortium of Granada(Spain) are analyzed. A total of 1200 surveys were collected, and two passengers’ statements about theOverall Service Quality were gathered: the first one when passengers have not reflected on the attributesdescribing the service, and the second one after they have thought about them. This is the first time thatthe Overall Service Quality of a public transport system has been jointly explained by these two overallevaluations when a SEM approach is adopted.Some interesting results have been obtained. Three latent variables were identified representing themain characteristics of the service. The unobserved latent construct obtaining the highest weight onOverall Service Quality is Service, while Comfort and Personnel have little influence. The passengers’evaluation better explaining the Overall Service Quality is the evaluation made when passengers havereflected on the service.The findings of this research can provide operating companies and transport managers valuableinformation for designing appropriate transport policies attracting new passengers and retaining thecurrent ones.

Perceived Service Quality in bus transit service. A structural Equation Approach

EBOLI, Laura;MAZZULLA, GABRIELLA
2013

Abstract

This paper proposes a methodology for evaluating the quality of service perceived by users of a bustransit service. A Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach is used to reveal the unobserved latentaspects describing the service and the relationships between these aspects with the Overall ServiceQuality. Data from a Customer Satisfaction Survey conducted by the Transport Consortium of Granada(Spain) are analyzed. A total of 1200 surveys were collected, and two passengers’ statements about theOverall Service Quality were gathered: the first one when passengers have not reflected on the attributesdescribing the service, and the second one after they have thought about them. This is the first time thatthe Overall Service Quality of a public transport system has been jointly explained by these two overallevaluations when a SEM approach is adopted.Some interesting results have been obtained. Three latent variables were identified representing themain characteristics of the service. The unobserved latent construct obtaining the highest weight onOverall Service Quality is Service, while Comfort and Personnel have little influence. The passengers’evaluation better explaining the Overall Service Quality is the evaluation made when passengers havereflected on the service.The findings of this research can provide operating companies and transport managers valuableinformation for designing appropriate transport policies attracting new passengers and retaining thecurrent ones.
Bus transit service; Overall Service Quality; Passengers' perceptions; Structural Equation Modelling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/135432
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